Burial Places of Confederate Soldiers
the Cemetery grounds for the dead of one army and a separate part the burial of the dead of the other.
It appears from the second annual report of the President of the Board to the Trustees, dated June 5th, 1867, that up to that time the United States Burial Corps under the superintendence of Lt John W. Sherer had removed to the Cemetery, and buried therein 3,580 dead from nineteen States including Maryland and Delaware, and also from the Regular Army, of whom 2,462 had been identified and 1,118 were interred as unknown. The total number of burials have since been increased as I learn to 4,695.
I am also advised that no provision has been made by the Trustees for a separate plot in the Cemetery to be devoted to the burial of the Confederate dead, and that no Confederate dead have been buried therein to the knowledge of the Board.
It is true that all the burials have been made by order of the Washington authorities, and at the expense of the Government, but it does not appear that the Board have drawn the attention of the authorities to the fact that the act contemplated the interment of the Confederate as well as the Union dead, or that they have invoked the assistance of the Government in executing this part of their trust.
To this it may be replied that by the eighth section of the act it is provided that the expenses incident to the removal of the dead, enclosing or ornamenting the Cemetery, and all the work connected therewith and its future maintenance, shall be apportioned among the States connecting themselves with the corporation, according to their population as indicated by their representation in the House of Representatives of the United States, and that inasmuch as the States recently in rebellion had not connected themselves with the corporation, nor assumed their share of the necessary expenses, the Board are under no obligation to devote any part of the funds received from the States which furnished no soldiers to the Confederate Army, for the burial of the dead of that army.
A partial answer to this would be, that the States of Maryland and West Virginia have joined the association and contributed to its funds, and that many of the Confederates who fell at Antietam and during Lee's first invasion came from these States, they (especially Maryland) have a just right to demand that a separate part of the Cemetery shall be appropriated to that class and that the Board shall take the same steps towards accomplishing this part of their trust as they have done to fulfil that relating to the Union soldiers.
But looking at the matter, not from a narrow technical point of view but from a broad national stand point, it seems to me that good faith to-
Maryland. Board of Trustees of the Antietam National Cemetery
Washington County Free Library
14 x 22 cms
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Registers of dead--Confederate side.