Lonaconing Silk Mill history
"Workers went back to work for lower wages than they had before they went on strike." — Robert Shockey
Another teenager, Robert Moses "Lefty" Grove, a member of Baseball's Hall of Fame, began working for Klotz at age 15. His employment lasted about nine months, before he began working at the glass factory across the street.
Women were more frequently employed than men. For reasons not completely understood today, men were concentrated in the spinning department. Winding, coning, 5B's (a shortened version of 5 bobbins), and doubling were generally staffed by women.
The work ethic and generosity of George's Creek citizens in general, and Klotz workers in particular, was apparent during hard times. It was reported that one supervisor used his own financial resources to meet Klotz payroll obligations. Also, reports of payroll shortages exist, yet workers reported to their stations without compensation so the plant could continue operations. Local merchant, William "Doc" Savage, was well known for extending generous credit terms to residents facing financial hardships. "We looked out for everyone."
Photographs: Left: Robert "Lefty" Grove's 1916 silk mill employment card, including reason for leaving.
Below: Early 1900s Bear Clothier storefront, Main Street, Lonaconing, Md.
Allegany High School, Oral history project
Allegany High School, Cumberland
28 cms x 22 cms
Anne Failing, Erin Degyansky, Chris Jewell, Amber Sallerson, Dan Whetzel and Mike Lewis
Allegany County (Md.), History; Lonaconing, Allegany County (Md.), History; Lonaconing Silk Mill; Silk mills, History.
Allegany County (Md.), 1907-1957