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Allegany County
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Negro Mountain (The Naming 2)

Negro Mountain Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information



COL. THOMAS CRESAP made his home at Skipton or Shawnee Oldtown on the Potomac. One night the settlement was attacked by Indians; the settlers defended themselves until morning when the red men withdrew, but a family had been murdered and some horses stolen. Col. Cresap ordered his men to prepare to pursue the fleeing savages.

His body-servant, Nemesis, a big negro, was cleaning his gun, and the Colonel said to him: "Well Nemesis, are you ready for the fight"? The negro replied, "Yes, massa; but I don't come back." Col. Cresap jestingly said, "Well, Nemesis, if you are afraid of being killed, you can stay here with the women, and I will go on without you." Nemesis hesitated, then replied, as he continued to clean the rifle, "Massa you know I's not afraid; where you go, I will go; where you fight, I will fight; but Nemesis will not come back."

With the morning light Cresap and his band were upon the Indians' trail, pursuing them over the Savage and Meadow mountains to the next mountain, where they overtook them and had a severe fight, killing several of the enemy. Fighting bravely at his master's side. Nemesis was slain and buried on the mountain, which has since borne the name of his race.

—J. Thomas Scharf's History of Western Maryland : being a history of Frederick, Montgomery, Carroll, Washington, Allegany, and Garrett Counties from the earliest period to the present day : including biographical sketches of their representative men. Philadelphia : L.H. Everts, 1882


J. Thomas Scharf

This is the story of how Negro Mountain in Garrett County received its names as told in Thomas Scharf's 1882 History of Western Maryland, and reprinted in the Glades Star, a publication of the Garrett County Historical Society, Volume I, 1941-1949.

The photograph of the marker at Negro Mountain was taken February 2011 by Albert Feldstein


Collection Location:
Allegany County, Maryland

African Americans, History; Allegany County (Md.), History.

Allegany County (Md.), 1890-2008

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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