Theodore Roosevelt * 1901-1909
Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919)
Term of Office: 1901-1909
Theodore Roosevelt, a Republican, was elected president in 1904. His running mate was Charles W. Fairbanks (1852-1918). The loosing candidates were Alton B. Parker (1852-1926), a Democrat, along with his running mate for Vice-president, Henry Gassaway Davis (1823-1916), and the Socialist, Eugene Victor Debs (1855-1926), and his Vice-Presidential running mate, Benjamin Hanford.
Teddy Roosevelt, or T.R. as he was known, gained famed during the Spanish-American War in 1898 where as a Lieutenant Colonel of the Rough Rider Regiment, he led a famous charge up Cuba's San Juan Hill. Roosevelt was a hero, and in 1898 was elected, and in 1899 took office as Governor of New York State. He served as McKinley's vice-president in the election of 1900, and upon McKinley's assassination in 1901, Roosevelt became the nation's youngest president at age 43.
As President, Theodore Roosevelt was known as a "trust buster", in that he attempted to break up large business monopolies, conglomerations (such as characterized by the railroads), and trusts. He instituted many domestic economic reforms and is also credited with helping to establish a national conservation movement and preserved vast areas of national forest land. He also worked to have the United States become more involved in international affairs, sent America's "Great White Fleet" on a goodwill tour around the world, and had as his motto, "Speak softly and carry a big stick." T.R. is the first President to win the Nobel Peace Prize, this being in 1906 for his efforts in mediating peace between Russia and Japan.
The paper item was distributed in Pennsylvania during the 1902 Presidential campaign. Along with Teddy Roosevelt it promotes Samuel W. Pennypacker (1843-1916) who was elected Governor of Pennsylvania and served from 1903 to 1907. Note that the Republicans are heralded as the party of "Lincoln, Grant, McKinley, and Roosevelt." Most significantly, voters are encouraged to "Wear This To The Polls".
In 1903 President Theodore Roosevelt was presented a stuffed toy bear as a gift, thus leading to what has become known as the, "Teddy Bear."
Roosevelt declined to run in 1908 and left office in 1909. He ran again, unsuccessfully, in 1912 on the Progressive ticket at the head of what he called the "Bull Moose" Party.
Technically, the Teddy Roosevelt for Governor of New York button does not fit the theme of the website. But I like it, so it's here. It depicts T.R. in his Rough Rider hat as a candidate for Governor of New York in 1898.
As indicated on the previous President William McKinley page, Teddy Roosevelt first assumed the Presidency upon McKinley's assassination in 1901. We have included on this page a "memorial" button that was issued shortly afterwards. It depicts the three martyred Presidents up to that time; Abraham Lincoln in 1865, James A. Garfield in 1881, and William McKinley.
Henry Gassaway Davis was born in Howard County, Maryland. He was a founder of the Davis Coal and Coke Company in Piedmont, West Virginia (just across the Potomac River from Westernport, Maryland in Allegany County), and is also noted for building the West Virginia Central and Pittsburgh Railroad.
Davis was a very close business associate of John Work Garrett (1820-1884), the sixth President of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, and among other things partnered with and encouraged Garrett to develop Deer Park, Maryland in Garrett County as a summer resort. Deer Park was situated along the B&O Railroad's main line, and Garrett County itself, which was established in 1872, takes its name from John W. Garrett.
Henry Gassaway Davis had an abundance of financial, coal, timbering, and railroading interests throughout western Maryland and nearby West Virginia. He was elected to the U.S. Senate from West Virginia in 1871, and served through 1882. At the time of his 1904 candidacy for the Vice-presidency, Davis was 80 years of age, making him the oldest person in history to ever be nominated for President or Vice-president on a major party ticket.
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United States, 1880-2008