Dwight David Eisenhower * 1953-1961 - page 1
Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969), page 1
Term of Office: 1953-1961
Dwight David Eisenhower, a Republican, was victorious in both the 1952 and 1956 presidential campaigns. In both instances his vice-presidential running mate was Richard Milhous Nixon (1913-1994). In both campaigns they defeated the Democratic candidate, Adlai E. Stevenson (1900-1965).
Dwight Eisenhower was the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe during World War II, and was the Allied Commander of the June 1944 D-Day Invasion of Normandy. Following the war Dwight Eisenhower would serve as President of Columbia University. A war hero and extremely popular, General Eisenhower won an overwhelming victory in both the 1952 and 1956 campaigns. "I like Ike" proved to be a popular slogan, along with his theme of "Peace and Prosperity".
Eisenhower was a moderate Republican who for the most part attempted to steer a middle course. He believed in military strength, world peace, and attempted to moderate the Cold War with Russia from a position of strength combined with talks. The Berlin Wall, dividing West and East Berlin in Germany, was constructed in 1961 during Ike's administration. It was also during Eisenhower's administration that Federal troops were sent to Little Rock, Arkansas to uphold the 1954 Supreme Court's decision that racial segregation in the public schools was unconstitutional. In 1958, President Eisenhower and the Congress created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, commonly known as NASA.
In one of his final speeches he noted the importance of America's military strength, while at the same time warning against massive and prolonged military expenditures which could endanger America's way of life.
A photograph was taken of Adlai Stevenson during the 1952 campaign. It depicted him on a stage with his legs crossed, and a hole in the bottom of one of his shoes. The lapel pin depicted here was produced and primarily worn by supporters to help portray Stevenson's image as a common man. It was used during both his 1952 and 1956 campaigns. Other items such as the button shown here portraying the shoe with the hole were produced by Eisenhower supporters, many with the slogan, "Don't let this happen to YOU!...Vote for IKE."
Campaign paraphernalia, United States, History; Presidents, United States, Election, History.
United States, 1896-2008