Third Party Candidates and Primary Hopefuls
Third Party Candidates and Primary Hopefuls, page 3
The following buttons represent a sampling of unsuccessful Third Party candidates and primary election hopefuls:
Lester Maddox (1915-2003) served as Governor of Georgia from 1967 to 1971 and was the American Independent Party candidate for President in 1976. He received less than 0.1% of the popular vote.
Edward "Ted" Kennedy (1932- ) has served as a U.S. Senator from Massachusetts since 1962. He is the younger brother of John and Robert Kennedy, both of whom were assassinated in 1963 and 1968, respectively. Although Edward Kennedy had been urged to seek the Democratic Party's nomination in both 1972 and 1976, he declined to do so. He did, however, undertake an unsuccessful bid for the Party's nomination in 1980.
The Libertarian Party was founded in December 1971.
Ralph Nader (1934- ) ran as the Green Party's Presidential candidate in both the 1996 and 2000 elections. Nader received 684,872 votes in 1996, and 2,882,955 votes in 2000, or about 2.7% of the total number of votes cast. In 2004, although having the endorsement of the Reform Party, he ran as an Independent. In 2004 Nader received only 463,653 votes, or only 0.38% of the total votes cast. Ralph Nader has also announced his candidacy as an Independent candidate for the 2008 election.
H. Ross Perot (1930- ) is a self-made Texas billionaire. In 1992, he ran unsuccessfully for the United States Presidency as an Independent.
He did, however, succeed in garnering 19,742,267 votes, or 19% of the total popular votes cast. In 1995 Perot founded the Reform Party and in 1996 he ran unsuccessfully as its candidate for President, this time garnering only 8,085,402 votes, or 8% of the total votes cast.
David Cobb (1962- ) and Patricia LaMarche (1960- ) were the Green Party Presidential and Vice-presidential candidates, respectively, in the 2004 Presidential election. The Green Party candidates received 119,859 votes, or about 0.1% of the total number cast.
Lyndon H. LaRouche (1922- ) has run in eight Presidential elections. He was a Democratic Party nominee hopeful in 1960, and sought the Democratic nomination on numerous other occasions as well. He was the U.S. Labor Party candidate for President in 1976 and ran in 1984 as an independent candidate. LaRouche was also the Presidential nominee of the National Economic Recovery Party in 1988 and 1992.
Fred Thompson (1942-2015) was a U.S. Senator from Tennessee serving from 1994 to 2003. He is also an actor, and ran an unsuccessful campaign for the 2008 Republican Party nomination.
Gus Hall (1910-2000) was a Communist Party USA (CPUSA) candidate who ran in four Presidential elections, 1972, 1976, 1980, and 1984. His Vice-presidential running-mate in the 1972 and 1976 campaigns was Jarvis Tyner (1941- ), and in 1980 and 1984 it was Angela Davis (1944- ). In the 1980 and 1984 campaigns, Hall received 43,871 and 36,386 votes, respectively.
Charlene Mitchell (1930- ) and Michael Zagarell were the 1968 unsuccessful Presidential and Vice-presidential candidates of the Communist Party USA (CPUSA). They received 1,075 votes in four states. Mitchell is also considered the first African-American woman to run for President, and possibly the first African-American of any party to appear on a Presidential ballot.
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United States, 1896-2008