Third Party Candidates and Primary Hopefuls
Third Party Candidates and Primary Hopefuls, page 4
The following buttons represent a sampling of unsuccessful Third Party candidates and primary election hopefuls:
Orval Eugene Faubus (1910-1994) was a six-term Democratic Governor of Arkansas serving from 1955 to 1967. He is known for his staunch opposition to the integration of public schools in Little Rock in 1957, and became the National States' Rights nominee for President of the United States in 1960. He won 44,984 popular votes, or only 0.07% of the total votes cast.
General Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964) was a World War II hero serving in the Pacific Theater. He was one of several considered for the 1948 Republican nomination, and his continued great popularity led to speculation that he would seek the Republican nomination in the 1952 election. He was not a candidate. The button portrayed on this page for the 1948 campaign was issued by the Christian Nationalist Party which was founded in 1942. This was basically an anti-Semitic, anti-immigrant, segregationist, and anti-Communist organization. They also promoted, without his endorsement or acknowledgment it should be noted, Douglas MacArthur in 1952 for the Presidency.
C. Estes Kefauver (1903-1963) was a former member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee and in 1948 became elected to the U.S. Senate serving from 1949 to 1963. He sought, unsuccessfully, the Democratic Party's nomination for President in both 1952 and 1956. In 1956, he became Adlai Stevenson's Vice-presidential running-mate. They lost to Eisenhower and Nixon in the general election.
William Averell Harriman (1891-1986) was elected Governor of New York, serving from 1955 to 1958. He was also an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic Party's nomination for President in both 1952 and 1956.
Reverend Channing E. Phillips (1928-1987) was the first African-American to have his name placed into nomination for the Presidency of the United States by a major political party. This was in 1968 at the Democratic Convention in Chicago, Illinois when the District of Columbia Delegation placed his name into nomination as a "Favorite Son" candidate.
Nelson A. Rockefeller (1908-1979) served as Governor of New York and was also appointed Vice-president under Gerald Ford in 1974. He was a Republican Party nominee hopeful in the Presidential election years of 1960, 1964, and 1968.
William "Bill" Scranton (1917-2013) unsuccessfully sought the Republican Party's nomination for President in 1964. Scranton served as the Governor of Pennsylvania from 1963 to 1967.
Harold E. Stassen (1907-2001) was elected as the Republican Governor of Minnesota in 1938. Having been elected to the Governorship at the age of 31, he was referred to as the "Boy Wonder" of Minnesota politics. In 1948 and 1952 he unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination for President. Stassen is known for his continuous, but futile, efforts in seeking the Republican nomination with additional attempts being made in 1964, 1968, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, and 1992.
Richard B. Russell, Jr. (1897-1971) served as a U.S. Senator from Georgia from 1933 to 1971. He ran as a candidate for the Democratic Party's nomination for President in 1952.
Eugene McCarthy (1916-2005) served in the U.S. House of Representatives from Minnesota from 1949 to 1959, and in the U.S. Senate from 1959 to 1971. McCarthy was a candidate for the Democratic Party's nomination in the campaign of 1968, as well as for a brief time in 1972. He ran as an Independent in 1976, and as the Presidential nominee of the Consumer Party in 1988. In 1968, many of his youthful college student supporters had as their motto to become, "Clean for Gene".
Sargent Shriver (1915-2011) served in the Kennedy administration, was a founder of the Peace Corps, and briefly sought the Democratic Party's Presidential nomination in 1976.
Gary Hart (1936- ) served in the U.S. Senate from Colorado from 1975 to 1987. Hart unsuccessfully sought the Democratic Party's nomination in both 1984 and 1988.
Shirley Chisholm (1924-2005) became the first black woman elected to the United States Congress, this being in 1968. Chisholm ran for the Democratic Party's Presidential nomination in 1972, and as the first woman ever considered at a major party's convention, received 151 delegates' votes. She continued to serve in the House of Representatives until 1982.
Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy (1925-1968) was a younger brother of President John F. Kennedy who was assassinated in 1963. Robert Kennedy was serving as a United States Senator from New York and running for the Democratic Party's nomination for President in 1968. It was at this time, and after winning the California primary, that he was assassinated in June 1968.
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