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Third Party Candidates and Primary Hopefuls

Third Party Candidates and Primary Hopefuls Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information


Third Party Candidates and Primary Hopefuls, page 5

The following buttons represent a sampling of unsuccessful Third Party candidates and primary election hopefuls:

Milton Shapp (1912-1994) was the first Jewish Governor of Pennsylvania and served from 1971 to 1979. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic Party's nomination in 1976.

Frank Church (1924-1984) was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic Party's nomination in 1976. He served as a U.S. Senator from Idaho from 1957 to 1981.

Birch Bayh (1928- ) was an unsuccessful aspirant to the 1976 nomination of the Democratic Party. He represented Indiana in the U.S. Senate from 1963 to 1981.

Lloyd Bentsen (1921-2006) served in the U.S. House of Representative from Texas from 1949 to 1955, and was later elected to the U.S. Senate serving from 1971 to 1993. He was Michael Dukakis' Vice-presidential running-mate in 1988, and prior to that was an unsuccessful aspirant to the 1976 Presidential nomination of the Democratic Party.

Morris "Mo" Udall (1922-1998) was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic Party's nomination in 1976. He had served in the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona from 1961 to 1991.

Edmund Gerald "Jerry" Brown (1938- ) was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic Party's nomination for President in the 1976, 1980, and 1992 election campaigns. He is also a former Governor of California serving from 1975 to 1983, a former Mayor of Oakland, serving from 1999 to 2007, and was elected Attorney General of California in 2006, serving from 2007 to the present.

Ronald W. Reagan (1911-2004) was a former actor and Governor of California. He was elected Governor in 1966, and re-elected in 1970. Reagan unsuccessfully sought the Republican Party's presidential nomination in both 1968 and 1976. He was successful in 1980, and went on to win the general election serving as President from 1981 to 1989.
Originally a Democrat, he had moved to the Republican Party in 1962.

Richard Schweiker (1926- ) was proposed to be Reagan's running-mate in the 1976 Presidential campaign. Schweiker, of Pennsylvania, was a former member of the U.S. House of Representatives, serving from 1960 to 1969, and the U.S. Senate, elected in 1968 and serving from 1969 to 1981.

George Wallace 1919-1998) served as Governor of Alabama on several occasions, beginning with his first election to that office in 1962. In his 1963 Inaugural speech he made the statement, "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever", and later became known for his 1963 efforts in attempting to keep African-American students from enrolling at the University of Alabama. In 1968 he unsuccessfully ran for President of the United States as the American Independent Party candidate. He garnered 9,906,473 popular, and 46 electoral votes. While campaigning in Maryland for the Democratic Party's nomination for President in 1972, Wallace was shot by a would-be assassin. This left him partially paralyzed for the remainder of his life. Wallace attempted to make amends for his racist past in his final years.

John V. Lindsay (1921-2000) served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1959 to 1965, and was the Mayor of New York City from 1966 to 1973. In 1972 he made a brief and unsuccessful attempt for the Democratic Party's nomination for President.

Edmund S. Muskie (1914-1996) served as the Governor of Maine from 1955 to 1959, and was elected in 1958 as a U.S. Senator, serving from 1959 to 1980. Muskie sought the Democratic Party's nomination in 1972, 1976, and again, briefly, in 1980. Muskie had also been Hubert Humphrey's Vice-presidential running-mate in their unsuccessful 1968 Presidential election campaign.

Mark Hatfield (1922- ) was the Governor of Oregon from 1959 to 1967, and also served in the U.S. Senate from 1967 to 1997. In 1968 he was considered as a Vice-presidential running-mate for Richard M. Nixon.

John Connally (1917-1993) was, as a Democrat, elected Governor of Texas in 1962, 1964, and 1966. He was wounded while riding in the car with President John F. Kennedy in 1963 when JFK was assassinated. Connally became a Republican in 1973 and unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination for President in 1980.

Malcolm "Steve" Forbes, Jr. (1947- ) was a Republican Party candidate for the Presidency in both the 1996 and 2000 election year primaries. He is also Editor-in-Chief of Forbes Magazine.

Patrick J. Buchanan (1938- ) worked on Richard Nixon's 1968 campaign staff, and later became an advisor and speech-writer in the Nixon White House. He ran unsuccessfully for the Republican Party's Presidential nomination in 1992, and again in 1996. He again sought the Republican nomination in 1999, but eventually sought and became the 2000 Reform Party's Presidential nominee. He received less than 1% of the vote.

Walter H. Judd (1898-1994), a medical doctor, was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Minnesota in 1942 and served from 1943 through 1963. He is somewhat remembered for giving the keynote address at the 1960 Republican National Convention. Dr. Judd was a candidate for the 1964 Republican nomination for President. "Dedication, Compassion, Wisdom, Courage" was his motto. The nomination was won by Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona.

Judd was a staunch opponent of Communism and in 1981 he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the country's highest honor for a civilian. At the time of his death Judd's home was Mitchellville, Maryland.

Shirley Chisholm (1924-2005) became the first black woman elected to the United States Congress, this being in 1968. Chisholm ran for the Democratic Party's Presidential nomination in 1972, and as the first woman ever considered at a major party's convention, received 151 delegates' votes. She continued to serve in the House of Representatives until 1982.

Tom Harkin (1939- ) is a Democrat who was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Iowa in 1974. He served in the House until his election to the United States Senate in 1984, and has served in the Senate from 1985 until now. Harkin ran for the Democratic nomination for the Presidency in 1992, which was eventually won by Bill Clinton.

Guy Despard Goff (1866-1933) was a West Virginia Republican. He was elected to the U.S. Senate from West Virginia in 1924, and served from 1925 through 1931. He was an early contender for the 1928 Republican Party Presidential nomination, which was eventually won by Herbert Clark Hoover.

George Lincoln Rockwell (1918-1967) founded the American Nazi Party in 1959 and was a write-in candidate for the Presidency of the United States in the 1964 general election. He changed the name of the Party to the National Socialist White People's Party in 1967, with the slogan being, "White Power." George Lincoln Rockwell was shot and killed in August 1967 while departing a laundromat in Arlington, Virginia.

George W. Romney (1907- 1995), a Republican, was at one time Chairman and President of the American Motors Corporation from 1954 to 1962. He was later elected Governor of Michigan, serving in that capacity from 1963 to 1969. George Romney was considered a possible candidate for the Republican Presidential nomination in both 1964, and again in 1968. A moderate Republican, Romney eventually gave way to the strongly conservative Barry Goldwater, who went on to win the Republican nomination but lost in the 1964 general election to Lyndon Johnson. Romney was at one point considered a front-runner for the 1968 Republican nomination. However, a 1967 comment that he had been "brainwashed" by the military and other government officials in his earlier 1965 support of the Vietnam War damaged his campaign. This and other events resulted in Richard Nixon's nomination, and his eventual victory over Hubert Humphrey in the 1968 election. George Romney is also the father of William "Mitt" Romney, a former Governor of Massachusetts and candidate for the Republican Presidential nomination in both 2008 and 2012.


Al Feldstein

Al Feldstein

Collection Location:
LaVale, Maryland

Campaign paraphernalia, United States, History; Presidents, United States, Election, History.

United States, 1896-2008

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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