Third Party Candidates and Primary Hopefuls
Third Party Candidates and Primary Hopefuls, page 7
The following buttons represent a sampling of unsuccessful Third Party candidates and primary election hopefuls:
John Hospers (1918- ) and Theodora Nathan (1923- ) were the Presidential and Vice-presidential candidates, respectively, of the Libertarian Party in the 1972 Presidential election. Their motto was, "Break Free from Big Brother". Being on the ballot in only two states, Hospers and Nathan garnered only 2,691 (some sources cite 3,674) votes, or 0.003% of the total votes cast. They did, however, receive one electoral vote, thus making Theodora Nathan the first woman to receive an electoral vote in a presidential election.
Michael Badnarik (1954- ) and Richard Campagna were the Presidential and Vice-presidential candidates, respectively, of the Libertarian Party in the 2004 Presidential election. Badnarik and Campagna garnered 397,265 votes, representing 0.34% of the total votes cast.
Mike Huckabee (1955- ) is a Republican and an ordained Southern Baptist Minister. He served as Governor of Arkansas from 1996 through 2007 and was an unsuccessful candidate during the primaries for the 2008 Republican Party nomination for President.
Rudolph "Rudy" Giuliani (1944- ) served as the Mayor of New York City from 1994 to 2001. He gained national recognition resulting from his leadership following the terrorist attacks upon the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. Giuliani was an unsuccessful candidate during the primaries for the 2008 Republican Party nomination for President. This particular button references the August 2007 Iowa Republican Straw Poll. Although his name appeared on the ballot, Giuliani did not actively campaign or spend funds in Iowa and thus received only 183 votes, or just 1% of the votes cast.
Bill Richardson (1947 - ), a Democrat, was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from New Mexico in 1982 and served from 1983 through 1997. He was appointed by President Clinton in 1997 to serve as a United States Ambassador to the United Nations, and served in this capacity until his 1998 appointment as Secretary of the Department of Energy, a position he held until 2001. Bill Richardson was elected Governor of New Mexico in 2002, and has held that office from 2003 to the present. He was an unsuccessful candidate during the primaries for the 2008 Democratic Party nomination for President.
Leonard Peltier (1944- ) is a Native-American and a member of the American Indian Movement (AIM). Although some have raised questions concerning the fairness of his trial, he remains in prison serving two consecutive life sentences for the 1975 murder of two F.B.I. agents. Leonard Peltier and his running-mate, Janice Jordan, were the Peace and Freedom Party's unsuccessful 2004 Presidential and Vice-presidential candidates. They secured 27,607 votes, or 0.2% of the total votes cast.
Hillary Rodham Clinton (1947- ) is the wife of the 42nd President, William Jefferson Clinton. She was elected to the U.S. Senate from New York in 2000 and made an unsuccessful bid for the Democratic Party's nomination for President in 2008.
The Green Party of the United States was officially established as a "third party" in 2001. It succeeded the Association of State Green Parties (1996-2001) which was formed following the 1996 Presidential election. The button depicted here is from the 2004 campaign and depicts the Green Party website address. The Green Party states that their primary goal is to help in the formation and development of the individual state organizations.
Elizabeth Dole (1936- ), a Republican, was elected to the U.S. Senate from North Carolina in 2002 and has served from 2003 to the present. She is the wife of Robert Dole, a former Senator and the 1996 Republican Party Presidential candidate. The button depicted here is from the 1998 campaign of Don Chairez (1955- ), who ran unsuccessfully from Nevada for the U.S. House of Representatives. It is an early indication of Elizabeth Dole's support in the forthcoming run for the 2000 Republican nomination for President. She eventually withdrew. Note the button's slogan, "A woman's place is in the White House - 2000".
Marion Gordon "Pat" Robertson (1930- ) is widely known as a televangelist. He founded the Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN) in 1960, Regent University in 1977, and numerous other conservative and religious based entertainment, legal, and charitable institutions. Pat Robertson is an ordained Southern Baptist minister who in 1988 sought the Republican Party's nomination for President. The nomination was won by George H.W. Bush, and Robertson returned to CBN, religious broadcasting, and associated pursuits.
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