Third Party candidates and Primary Hopefuls
Third Party Candidates and Primary Hopefuls, page 9
The following buttons represent a sampling of unsuccessful Third Party candidates and primary election hopefuls:
Patrick J. Buchanan (1938- ) worked on Richard Nixon's 1968 campaign staff, and later became an advisor and speech-writer in the Nixon White House. He ran unsuccessfully for the Republican Party's Presidential nomination in 1992, and again in 1996. He again sought the Republican nomination in 1999, but eventually sought and became the 2000 Reform Party's Presidential nominee. He received less than 1% of the vote.
Anne Armstrong (1927-2008), a Republican, served as the U.S. Ambassador to Britain in 1976 and is considered the first woman to serve as a cabinet level advisor and counselor to the President, this being in both the Nixon and Ford administrations. She later served as a foreign intelligence advisor to both presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush. In 1976 there was an effort to draft Anne Armstrong onto the Republican ticket as Gerald Ford's vice-presidential running-mate, and according to sources, made Ford's "short list" in this regard.
Chuck Baldwin (1952- ) is a Baptist minister and the 2008 Presidential nominee of the Constitution Party. This party has its roots going back to 1992 when it was initially founded and known as the U.S. Taxpayers Party. Its presidential candidate in the elections of 1992, 1996, and 2000 was Howard Phillips (1941- ), one of the party's founders. It was at the nominating convention in 1999 that the name was changed to the Constitution Party. Among other things, the Constitution Party is pro-life, pro-gun, and anti-free trade. Its mission is "to restore American jurisprudence to its original Biblical common-law foundations." Baldwin's running-mate for Vice-president was Darrell Castle (1948- ), an attorney specializing in bankruptcy and personal injury. Chuck Baldwin had defeated Alan Keyes for the 2008 nomination. Baldwin received 196,461 votes, or 0.15% of the total votes cast in the 2008 election.
Ralph Nader (1934- ) ran as the Green Party's Presidential candidate in both the 1996 and 2000 elections. Nader received 684,872 votes in 1996, and 2,882,955 votes in 2000, or about 2.7% of the total number of votes cast. In 2004, although having the endorsement of the Reform Party, he ran as an Independent. In 2004 Nader received only 463,653 votes, or only 0.38% of the total votes cast. Ralph Nader ran as an Independent candidate for the 2008 election. As shown here, his vice-presidential running-mate was Matthew Edward Gonzalez (1965- ), a San Francisco area activist and politician. Nader received 736,804 votes, or 0.56% of the total votes cast in the
Robert "Bob" Barr, Jr. (1948- ) was an employee of the Central Intelligence Agency from 1971 to 1978 and served as a United States District Attorney from 1986 to 1990. He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives as a Republican from Georgia and served from 1995 to 2003. Barr was one of the leading figures calling for and "managing" the impeachment of President Bill Clinton. Barr left the Republican Party in 2006, and became a member of the Libertarian Party. In May 2008 he became the Libertarian Party's nominee for the 2008 Presidential election, and chose as his running-mate, Wayne Allyn Root (1961- ). Barr received 509,478 votes, or 0.40% of the total votes cast in the 2008 election.
Cynthia A. McKinney (1955- ) served as a Democrat in the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia between the years 1993 to 2003, and again from 2005 to 2007. In 2002 she inferred there was administration involvement in some way with the 9/11 attacks. Several years later, during the 2006 legislative session, McKinney introduced articles of impeachment against President George W. Bush over the initiation of the Iraq War and his domestic surveillance policies. She was also involved that year in a physical altercation with a United States Capitol Police Officer. McKinney failed to win the Democratic Party's nomination for Congress in the 2006 primary. She joined the Green Party in October 2007, announced her candidacy for the Presidency in December 2007, and on July 12, 2008 secured the nomination at the Green Party's National Convention. Her running-mate for Vice-president was Rosa Clemente (1972- ), a community organizer and activist. McKinney received 161,195 votes, or 0.12% of the total votes cast in the 2008 election.
Colin L. Powell (1937- ), a Republican, served as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1989 to 1993. Many encouraged Powell to seek the Republican Presidential nomination in 1996. He declined the overtures and did not seek the candidacy. Colin Powell did serve as U.S. Secretary of State under George W. Bush from 2001 to 2005.
Earl Dodge (1932-2007) had for over 50 years run for numerous offices on the local, state, and Federal levels. A long-time temperance movement activist and member of the Prohibition Party, Dodge had made unsuccessful bids for the United States Presidency in 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, and 2004. Although a split within the Prohibition Party had occurred in 2003, Dodge continued his bids for the Presidency and was again nominated by his party faction in 2007 for a seventh attempt. However he died of a heart attack in November of that year. The Prohibition Party, founded in 1869, is against the sale and consumption of alcohol.
Senator Joseph R. Biden (1942- ), a Democrat, was elected to the U.S. Senate from Delaware in 1972 and took office in 1973. He is the longest serving U.S. Senator in Delaware history. Biden unsuccessfully sought the Democratic nomination for President in both 1988 and 2008. In August 2008 he was selected by Barack Obama to serve as his Vice-presidential running-mate in the 2008 election.
Alan Keyes (1950- ) ran for the U.S. Senate in Maryland in 1988 and 1992, the Republican nomination for President in 1996 and 2000, and against Barack Obama in 2004 for the U.S. Senate in Illinois. At one point he had also announced his candidacy and sought the Republican nomination. When he was unsuccessful, Keyes then left the Republican Party and sought the 2008 nomination of the Constitution Party, as depicted by the button on this page. He lost that nomination as well. As a write-in candidate, Keyes secured 47,768 votes in the 2008 election.
John Taylor Bowles (1957- ) was born in Baltimore, Maryland. He was the 2008 Presidential candidate of the National Socialist Order of America. As noted on his campaign buttons as depicted here, John Taylor Bowles refers to himself as "the white people's candidate", and has as his goal the removal of non-whites from the country. He maintains a shop in South Carolina specializing in Ku Klux Klan, Nazi, and Confederate items. His Vice-presidential running-mate was Matthew Ramsey, who is also known to some as Jim Ramm. Amondson received 653 votes in the 2008 election.
Gene Amondson (1943- ) was the 2008 Presidential nominee of the Concerns of People Party faction of the Prohibition Party. Admondson had also run in 2004, and against the party's other faction candidate, Earl Dodge. Amondson is a minister and as a lecturer often reenacts Billy Sunday's sermons expressing the evils of alcohol. His Vice-presidential running-mate was Leroy Pletten.
Brian Moore (1943- ) was the 2008 candidate of the Socialist Party of the United States of America. His Vice-presidential running-mate was Stewart A. Alexander (1951- ). Moore has unsuccessfully run for numerous offices on both the local and state levels, and prior to joining the Socialist Party had been a Democrat, and later an independent. He received 7,315 votes in the 2008 election.
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