Cumberland, Maryland (Ku Klux Klan in Cumberland)
THE KU KLUX KLAN IN CUMBERLAND
Cumberland was caught up in the trend when the Ku Klux Klan was almost nationwide in the 1920's. Many Cumberland men joined the Klan. As an example, in 1925 when a national Klan meet was held in Washington, D.C., more than one thousand Klansmen went from Cumberland by special train, besides hundreds that went to the nation's capital by automobile and bus. The membership application for the Order stated, among other requirements, that a prospective member must be a native born American citizen, and believe in the Christian religion, white supremacy, protection of our pure womanhood, the separation of church and state, preventing unwarranted strikes by foreign labor agitators, the limitation of foreign immigration, and law and order. Real men whose oaths were inviolate were wanted. If you became a member, you joined an order that was, "Here yesterday, here today, here forever." This was dated 1923. On November 10 and 11, 1925, a drama in three acts was presented by the local Klan. The play was called, "The Martyred Klansman." The program gave the cast of characters. Real names were not used, but what was interesting was that there were eleven advertisements in the program, including one from a Jewish music dealer and another from a Greek confectionary store owner.
On March 1, 1924, the Johnstown chapter of the Ku Klux Klan was reported to be organized and according to reliable authority had a present membership of more than 1,500. The Klan's method of enlisting members was simple. "Are you one hundred percent American?" the prospective Klansman was asked. If the reply was in the affirmative, the prospect would be handed a card
Miller, Herman J.
Mayor and Council, City of Cumberland
27 x 20 cms
Cumberland (Md.), history
Cumberland (Md.), 1700-1976