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Marble, 1860 (from State Agricultural Chemist)

from State Agricultural Chemist Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information


Every kind of limestone which admits of being smoothly dressed or polished, is called marble.
The limestones suited for producing lime, having been already described, I shall in this place notice only those applicable to architectural and other uses.

We have in Maryland a much greater variety of marbles than is usually supposed, but many of them have not yet been sufficiently explored, and with the exception of the white marbles of Baltimore county, little effort has been made to bring them to the notice of those likely to develop and give them a productive value...

...The cost of transportation has hitherto prevented these marbles from being transported to distant markets and they have, therefore, but a local use. The Western Maryland Railroad, it is hoped, will soon be extended to this fine region and enable those owning this material (equally valuable for marble or lime) to extend its uses...

...Crossing the North mountain we reach the great lime stone valley in which Hagerstown lies, and which has already been described.

Along the eastern edge of this we find a beautiful White Marble which ranges southward from near Boonsboro' and resembles the first or most eastern range in Frederick county. Some of it has a pure white color and a texture equally fine with that of best Italian statuary marble. It is, in my opinion, only necessary to penetrate to a proper depth in order to procure marble for statuary and architectural purposes that will give us no reason for importing the material from Tuscany.

The main body of the limestone of this valley has a fine grain and is free from grains of quartz and other impurities that interfere with the polish. Much of it, therefore, takes a fine polish without difficulty.


Phillip Tyson, State Agricultural Chemist

From Google Books


Collection Location:
Stanford University Library

Quarries and quarrying, Maryland; Marble, Maryland; Washington County (Md.), history

Washington County (Md.), 1900-1950

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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