Whilbr Heading
Search | Use Google Search
Collection:


Words or Phrase:


Search Method Help Image




Left Nav Image    Home   |   Links   |   Contact Us   |   Facebook   |   Digital Whilbr
Yellow Bar image
Description ImageWhilbr Description
        
 

  


Collection Dropdown Image
Allegany County
Category Divider
Garrett County
Category Divider
Washington County
Category Divider
Civil War in Maryland
Category Divider
Genealogy Resources
Category Divider
Photographs and Prints
 
Situation and Early History


Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information

   



Situation and Early History

CUMBERLAND, the county seat of Allegany County, Maryland, is situated at the confluence of Wills Creek with the North Branch of the Potomac river; in a picturesque amphitheatre formed by the Wills and Nobly ranges of the great Allegany Mountains. It is the largest and most important city in Western Maryland. It is the Western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal; and the principal shipping point, both by Canal and Rail, for the celebrated "Cumberland" coal. The Pittsburgh and Connellsville branch of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad joins the main stem at Cumberland.

The settlement of this city dates back to the old colonial times, when the Ohio Company built here a trading post and stockade, being then known as the "Wills Creek Post." Here Washington, then the young colonial Colonel, had his headquarters for a time on his march to Great Meadows. Here later, the ill-fated Braddock, on his march against the French at Fort Duquesne, now Pittsburgh, built a fort which he called "Fort Cumberland," and which he designed as a point of supply for his army on their march.

From a trading post and frontier town, as the civilization of the States advanced Westward, it became the county town of a quiet farming country. Subsequently the "National Turnpike," designed as a great highway of travel between the National Capital and the West, was built, Cumberland being the point of departure over the mountains.

Then it became the terminus of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail road, which carried its freight and passengers from Baltimore to Cumberland, whence Westward the stage-coach and road wagon were the only conveyances.




ID:
acmr005

Page #:
5

Creator:
C.J. Orrick

Date:
1875

Collection Location:
Allegany County Public Library

Original Size:
21 x 14 cms

Contributor:
Board of Trade of the City of Cumberland

Subject:
Mines and mineral resources, Maryland, Cumberland

Coverage:
Cumberland, Md., 1870s

 
 
Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

Footer Image     Contact Webmaster  |  Copyright Information Top Line Image