The Cumberland Coal Fields - continued
ward, down the George's Creek. This vein has been opened by the Piedmont Coal and Iron Company, and proves to be equal in quality to the Big Vein, and in the southern portion of the basin lies in such a way as to be easily mined. Lastly, the "Six Foot Vein," which lies 160 feet below the "Four Foot Vein," and is above water level in the lower part of the valley only. This vein is now successfully mined at the New Reading opening, at Westernport. These two lower veins, though smaller in size than the "Big Vein," have a much greater acreage, as but little of either vein has been cut away by erosion. At present the abundant supply contained in the large vein is so easy of access and can be so cheaply mined, that these smaller veins have not received the share of attention which they eventually will. Several new openings other than those mentioned are now being made in these smaller veins, with very encouraging prospects.
The total acreage of coal land in this field is 44,132. Of this, 17,300 acres contain the large "Fourteen Foot Vein," and of course all contain the two smaller veins. Besides these, which are the working veins, there are numerous other small veins, throughout the entire depth of the coal measure; these veins are from six inches to three feet in thickness; they have never received any attention from mining companies or experts, and we are not able to say what may be their actual value in workable coal. The coal of this field is so well and favorably known by consumers and dealers generally, that we deem any discussion as to its merits unnecessary. For the information, however, of any one to whom the appearance and properties of this coal is not familiar, we will say that it is a free burning bituminous coal, containing on an average 75 per cent, of fixed carbon. It is free from injurious impurities and with very little slate or earthy particles. At the end of this article will be found a table copied from Senate Document, No. 3S6, of Twenty-eighth Congress, first session, which is the report of a Committee of Naval Officers and Engineers which was appointed by the United States Government, to test, by actual experiment, the relative value for forge and steam genera ting purposes of all the different kinds of coal found in this country and in England. This committee in their report, rate Cumberland Coal (in general average) to be the best coal for steam
Allegany County Public Library
21 x 14 cms
Board of Trade of the City of Cumberland
Mines and mineral resources, Maryland, Cumberland
Cumberland, Md., 1870s