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Iron continued

Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information


Maryland, Virginia, and East Tennessee into Georgia. In the immediate vicinity of the city the beds are tilted on their edge, are poor in iron and rich in lime, and consequently small and hard, and can not be profitably worked. Upon entering Bedford County, Pennsylvania, their character changes, with the accompanying country rock. The veins flanking the sides of Wills and Tussey's Mountains, are soft, and they dip at steep angles, from 70° to 90°, and are profitably worked. They can be opened above water level by cross-cuts through soft slate; on reaching the vein drifts will be driven in the ore and overhand slopes one hundred feet in height, cheaply and conveniently mined. The ore on the West side of Wills Mountain can be transported by inclines to the Bedford Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad, involving a minimum of cost for transportation. The main or "Soft Fossil" vein varies from one to three feet in thickness, averaging about two feet; the hard fossil from 6 to 12 inches thick, separated from the soft by a foot or two of sandstone, and can often be mined to advantage with the first. At the Cumberland mine, owned and operated by the Cumberland Coal and Iron Company the ore has the following average composition :
Metallic Iron * 41.34
Silica * 15.10
Water * 6.92
Phosphorus * 51
Like all the fossil of this region, it contains only a trace of sulphur, and nearly sufficient lime to flux the silica in the ore. Further North the ore is harder and contains more silica and less iron, as the following analysis of a sample taken from the poorest portion of the vein will show :
Iron. * 32.47
Silica * 30.50
Phosphorus * 42
These ores if mined with proper care can be relied on to yield 40 per cent, in the furnace, and will cost $3.80 per ton delivered in Cumberland. Large bodies of the same fossil ores along Tussey's Mountain and the neighboring ranges are at present unavailable, owing to their distance from the railroad. Near Bedford, Pennsylvania/on the Dunnings Creek Branch Railroad, are heavy


Page #:

C.J. Orrick


Collection Location:
Allegany County Public Library

Original Size:
21 x 14 cms

Board of Trade of the City of Cumberland

Mines and mineral resources, Maryland, Cumberland

Cumberland, Md., 1870s

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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