A number of samples from the vicinity of Staunton contained 10 to 15 per cent of moisture, no phosphorus, traces of sulphur and the following yield of Metallic iron :
Metallic Iron 54.33 51.39 62.26 53.72
Silica 11.13 8.99 2 23 3.51
These ores can be mined, and royalty paid, for $2.35 per ton, and will not cost over $5.50 per ton delivered in Cumberland.
Of the thirty-five Charcoal Furnaces blowing in Virginia, more than twenty-five are supplied from this wonderful belt of ore, and all are favorably known for the excellence of their product. Worked alone the ore makes a strong foundry or mill iron, suitable for every purpose; calcined and used with fossil it will make a soft foundry which compares favorably for strength, and the amount of scrap that can be added, with the renowned Scotch pig. The ores can be transported by the Valley Railroad, a branch of the Baltimore and Ohio, direct to Cumberland, or shipped by canal from Harper's Ferry.
In the vicinity of Fredericktown, Md. and in proximity to the Railroad, are fine deposits of hematite, similar in appearance to the ores found near Baltimore, from which the well known car wheel iron is smelted. The following is an analysis of a sample of "Lump Ore:"
Metallic Iron 52.32
A single deposit has been opened to the depth of nearly one hundred feet, and exhibits their general character. The ore is found in irregular masses, often weighing many tons, imbedded in a soft clay and gravel, and will not require the labor of experienced miners in its extraction, thus materially reducing the cost, which will be about $4.50 per ton in Cumberland. The water collecting in the mine requires pumping, and can be profitably employed in washing fine ore.
Twenty miles East of Frederick a vein of slightly magnetic specular ore, containing considerable manganese has been opened. The walls are well defined, showing a width of eight feet. The country rock is slate, and dips almost vertical, comformably with the vein. An average sample assayed 33.07 per cent, of iron and
Allegany County Public Library
21 x 14 cms
Board of Trade of the City of Cumberland
Mines and mineral resources, Maryland, Cumberland
Cumberland, Md., 1870s