THERE are eight veins of pure Fire Clay in the coal measures of the Cumberland Coal Field, having an aggregate thickness of 53 feet 7 inches. This clay has been and is extensively worked into fire brick. There are, also, deposits of Fire Clay in the adjoining Counties of Pennsylvania, some of which have been recently opened. The clays are all of excellent quality; the "Mt, Savage Firebrick," and "Savage Mountain Firebrick," both of which brands are made from the lowest vein of the measures, are well known among Iron Masters and Smelters all over the Union, and are pronounced the best Firebrick for furnace purposes, made in this country.
There are at present five Firebrick and retort manufactories in this section. The works of the Union Mining and Manufacturing Company, located at Mt. Savage ; the Savage Mountain Firebrick Manufacturing Company, located at Frostburg ; the Globe Fireclay Manufacturing Company, at Bridgeport; the Savage Firebrick Manufacturing Company, at Keystone Junction, on the Pittsburgh, Washington and Baltimore Railroad; and the works of Reese, Lemon & Co., located at Ellerslie. From these works the iron furnaces and mills, which may be established in this section, can always be supplied with a superior article, at less cost than in any other manufacturing centre. There are also, several deposits of fine potter's clay, several of which have not yet been used. There is now only one Stoneware Pottery in this section; this is well established, and doing a steady, though comparatively small business ; the ware made there is fine and of good quality. There is an excellent opening for a "Drain Pipe and Tyle works" here ; clay well suited for that line of manufacture is abundant, and custom for the articles manufactured is assured from the beginning.
Beds of clay suitable for brick making are found in the low lands, both within, and immediately adjoining the city limits.
Allegany County Public Library
21 x 14 cms
Board of Trade of the City of Cumberland
Mines and mineral resources, Maryland, Cumberland
Cumberland, Md., 1870s