tract of Timber Land; that, on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad may be stated at 36 miles in length, (so much of it at least being practicable for the Cumberland market); that on the Pittsburgh & Connellsville Railroad at 18 miles in length, while the Cumberland & Pennsylvania affords shipping facilities for the large timber district lying between the two first named roads. In addition to these three tracts, there is a large tract eastward of Cumberland, from which the cut timber and logs are brought to this market by water, via the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal. The lumber business has long been an important feature in the industries of this section. It has been confined entirely to two channels, cutting up the timber in the rough, and the manufacture of shooks, (or Hogs-head staves) and hoops for exportation to Cuba, and cooper stuff generally. An immense quantity of timber is also used in boat- building, which is an important feature in the manufactures of this city. A comparatively small quantity is also used in the manufacture of furniture.
White and Yellow Pine, Hemlock and Oak are the most abundant woods ; considerable quantities of Hickory, Maple, Chestnut, Ash and Black Walnut are also sawed out, with some Poplar and Cherry.
Pine, Hemlock and Oak timber of any size required can be obtained at comparatively low prices. The supply of the other woods is not so large, but sufficient to meet the demands of any manufacturing business likely to be established here.
In addition to the lumber of this immediate vicinity, Poplar of
excellent quality can be brought by rail from the large poplar
forests on the Northwestern Virginia Branch of the Baltimore
& Ohio Railroad at low cost. We give below cost of timber in
the Cumberland market at present writing:
Oak, Heavy (prime quality) - $20 per M.
Yellow Pine, Heavy, (25ft long & upwards) 25 per M
Yellow Pine, Heavy under 25ft - 20 per M
Yellow Pine, Light, choice 20 per M
Walnut, best 35 per M
Walnut ordinary 30 per M
Ash, best 30 per M
Ash common 25 per M
Poplar, clear 20 per M
Poplar common 16 per M
White Pine 16 per M
Allegany County Public Library
21 x 14 cms
Board of Trade of the City of Cumberland
Mines and mineral resources, Maryland, Cumberland
Cumberland, Md., 1870s