Third Party candidates and Primary Hopefuls
Elizabeth Dole (1936- ), a Republican, served as Secretary of Transportation under President Ronald Reagan and Secretary of Labor under President George H.W. Bush. As such she is the first woman to serve in two different cabinet posts under two different Presidents. Dole was elected to the U.S. Senate from North Carolina and served in that capacity from 2003-2009. She is the first woman to have been elected to that office from North Carolina. She was defeated in her 2008 re-election bid by the Democratic candidate, also a woman. Dole made an unsuccessful run for her party's 2000 presidential nomination. She withdrew in 1999, prior to any of the primaries, due to a lack of funds. Her husband, Bob Dole, was also a former U.S. Senator and was the 1996 Republican candidate for President. He lost.
Sarah Louise Palin (1964- ), a Republican, served as Governor of Alaska from 2006 until her resignation in 2009. She also ran as John McCain's Vice-Presidential running mate in his 2008 unsuccessful bid for the Presidency. Since that time she has been promoted by many as a possible candidate for the 2012 Republican nomination. She earned the nickname, "Sarah Barracuda", because of her aggressive defense while a member of her high school girls basketball team. Note the two pit-bulls on either side of her depiction.
Robert Carlyle Byrd (1917-2010), a Democrat, was elected to the U.S. Senate from West Virginia in 1958, and served in that office from 1959 until his death 2010, making him the longest serving U.S. Senator in American history. In 1976 there was no clear front-runner for the Democratic candidacy for President, and as a result Robert C. Byrd joined an array of other Democrats in briefly seeking the nomination. Byrd's slogan at that time was "Restore America's Greatness", and his efforts were basically confined to West Virginia where he ran as a "favorite son" candidate in the West Virginia Primary. Byrd won by a margin of almost 9 to 1, with the thought being the West Virginia delegates under his control could have some influence over the selection of the nominee in the event the convention became deadlocked. Jimmy Carter of Georgia, however, won the Democratic nomination on the first ballot and went on to be elected President.
Socks (1989-2009) - Socks was a stray cat adopted in 1991 by President Bill Clinton and his family and was considered the first family pet during the early years of his presidency. After leaving office Socks was given to the president's secretary. This was because Socks did not get along with Buddy, a dog the Clinton's had acquired in 1997. This button, which incorrectly spelled the name as "Sox", appeared during the 2008 presidential campaign is an indication that former President Clinton was preferred over either Barack Obama or John McCain.
L. Doug Wilder (1931- ), was elected Governor of Virginia in 1989, and served as Governor of Virginia from 1990-1994. He is the first African-American to be elected not only as Governor of Virginia, but as Governor of any state in America. Wilder was a declared candidate for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination in 1992, but withdrew during the primaries. Wilder would later be elected as mayor of Richmond in 2004 and serve from 2005-2009.
William Philip "Phil" Gramm (1942- ), a Republican from Texas, served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1979 to 1985. Elected in 1978 as a Democrat he would later resign from office and upon a Special Election was re-elected as a Republican. Gramm was elected to the U.S. Senate from Texas and served from 1985-2002. In 1996 Phil Gramm made an unsuccessful bid for the Republican Party's presidential nomination.
Dr. Ron Paul (1935- ), a medical doctor, has served in the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas on three different occasions beginning in 1976. He is currently a member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Ron Paul not only sought the 2008 Republican Party nomination, but was also the 1988 Libertarian Party nominee for President. At that time he won 432,179 popular votes, representing 0.47% of the total votes cast. Ron Paul would again unsuccessfully seek the Republican nomination for President in 2012.
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United States, 1896-2008