Maryland Gubernatorial 4
George P. Mahoney (1901-1989), a Democrat, had unsuccessfully run for public office in Maryland numerous times, including a 1950 primary battle with William Preston Lane. In 1966, and upon defeating U.S. Congressman Carlton Sickles and Maryland Attorney General Thomas B. Finan in the Democratic primary, he ran for Governor against Spiro T. Agnew under the campaign slogan of, "Your Home is Your Castle - Protect It". This was a clear statement of Mahoney's opposition to open housing (the banning of racial discrimination in the rental and sale of housing) as well as other civil rights legislation and became the focus of his campaign.
Marvin Mandel (1920-2015) was serving as the Speaker of the Maryland House of Delegates when he was appointed Governor of Maryland by the Maryland General Assembly in 1969. This was upon the resignation of Spiro T. Agnew after being elected Vice-president of the United States. Mandel would run for election in 1970, handsomely defeating the Republican challenger, Charles Stanley Blair (1927-1980). Marvin Mandel, a native of Baltimore, was the first Jewish Governor of Maryland, and would hold that office from 1969 to 1979.
Mandel was considered an extremely capable Governor and his accomplishments were many, lasting, and characterizes much of state government to this day. He instituted a series of environmental and conservation measures including the protection of the State's wetlands, and also oversaw a reorganization of state government resulting in the consolidation of numerous agencies (238 by some count) into a single cabinet-style department system, such as the Maryland Department of Natural Resources which was established in 1969. Reforms pertaining to the state court system, Medicaid, increased aid to community colleges, public school construction, mass transit development, housing, and more all came to pass or were greatly enhanced during his Governorship. In his 1974 re-election win, Mandel again easily defeated his Republican challenger, this being Louise Gore. As a result of his conviction on mail fraud and racketeering charges in 1977, Governor Marvin Mandel notified his Lieutenant Governor, Blair Lee III (1916-1985), that, and in accordance with State Law, he would be serving as Acting Governor until further notice. Mandel reassumed the Governorship two days prior to the end of his second term. In 1987, and based upon an opinion from the Supreme Court, a U.S. District Court Judge overturned Mandel's conviction. That decision was later affirmed by the U.S. Court of Appeals. Marvin Mandel was often seen and photographed with a pipe, and the Mandel "People Like Marvin Mandel" pipe-pin became a popular item in his re-election campaign.
Louise Gore (1925-2005) served in the Maryland General Assembly from 1963 to 1969. She is noted as the first Republican woman to be elected to the Maryland State Senate, this being in 1966. Gore defeated Congressman Lawrence "Larry" Hogan (1928- ) in the 1974 Republican gubernatorial primary, and then went on to defeat herself at the hands of Governor Marvin Mandel. She again sought the Republican nomination for Governor in 1978, but lost to former U.S. Senator J. Glenn Beall, Jr. (1927-2006). Louise Gore was for some years considered the "grande dame" of Maryland Republican politics. She was a second cousin of former Vice-President Al Gore, and in 1966 was the person who first introduced Richard Nixon to Spiro T. Agnew.
Thomas B. Finan (1914-1972) was born in Cumberland, Maryland. He served as Cumberland City Attorney from 1948 to 1956, Maryland's Secretary of State from 1958 to 1960, and was elected Maryland Attorney General serving from 1961 to 1966. Finan unsuccessfully sought the Democratic Party's gubernatorial nomination in 1966. This was won by George P. Mahoney who later lost to Spiro T. Agnew in the general election. Thomas B. Finan went on to serve on the Maryland Court of Appeals until the time of his passing.
Carlton R. Sickles (1921-2004), a Democrat, served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1955 to 1962. It was then he was elected to the U.S. Congress, serving two terms through 1967. In 1966, Carleton Sickles unsuccessfully sought the Democratic Party's gubernatorial nomination. This was won by George P. Mahoney who later lost to Spiro T. Agnew in the general election.
Harry R. Hughes (1926- ), a native of Easton, Maryland, served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1955 to 1958 and the Maryland State Senate from 1959 to 1970. He was appointed Secretary of the Maryland Department of Transportation in 1970 by Governor Marvin Mandel, but resigned from that position in 1977 over a dispute pertaining to the award of a construction contract. Hughes was victorious in the Democratic primary over multiple candidates, including Acting Governor, Blair Lee III. He then went on to defeat J. Glenn Beall, Jr. in the 1978 general election and served as Governor from 1979 to 1987. Hughes is given credit for his efforts to protect and attempt to clean-up the Chesapeake Bay, and the resulting 1983 Chesapeake Bay Agreement among Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and the District of Columbia. In 1986, Harry R. Hughes was defeated in his bid for the U.S. Senate by Barbara Mikulski (1936- ).
J. Glenn Beall, Jr. (1927-2006) was born in Cumberland, Maryland. A Republican, he was elected to the Maryland House of Delegates in 1962, re-elected in 1966, and served in that body from 1962 through 1968. He was then elected to the U.S. Congress, representing Maryland's Sixth Congressional District, serving from 1969 to 1971. J. Glenn Beall, Jr. was elected to the U.S. Senate in the 1970 election, and served in the Senate from 1971 to 1977. In 1978 Beall ran as the Republican Party nominee for Governor of Maryland. He lost in the general election to the Democratic nominee, Harry R. Hughes.
Dr. Aris T. Allen (1910-1991) was J. Glenn Beall's running-mate for the office of Lieutenant Governor. Aris Allen, a medical physician by profession, was elected to the Maryland House of Delegates on two occasions, serving from 1967 to 1974, and again in 1991. He was also elected to the Maryland State Senate, serving from 1979 through 1982. Allen is the first African-American to not only chair the Maryland Republican Party, but also run for statewide office. A statue in recognition of Dr. Allen is in Annapolis, as well as the Aris T. Allen Boulevard which is named in his honor. "
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