Globe, later given to Winston Churchill
A group of American officers in the European Theater of Operation (E.T.O) study the globe later given to Prime Minister Winston Churchill. From left to right: Colonel Chapman, Aide de Camp to General Andrews, Lieutenant General Frank Andrews, Major General Russell P. Hartle and Brigadier General Ray Barker.
Lieutenant General Frank Andrews had in 1935 been in command of the newly formed General Headquarters (GHQ) Air Force, which consolidated all the Army Air Corps' tactical units under a single commander. Under his command, GHQ Air Force started the development of air power that became the mighty U.S. Army Air Force.
A vocal proponent of the four-engine heavy bomber, Andrews advocated the purchase of the Boeing B-17 in large numbers. The Army General Staff disagreed with Andrews, believing it better to purchase a large number of twin-engine light and medium bombers like the Douglas B-18 rather than a small number of four-engine heavy bombers. Through his insistence, however, the War Department purchased enough B-17s to keep the program alive.
In 1941, promoted again to lieutenant general, Andrews became commander of the Caribbean Defense Command, which had the critically important duty of defending the southern approaches to the United States including the vital Panama Canal. In 1942 Andrews went to North Africa, where as commander of all United States' forces in the Middle East, he helped to defeat Rommel's Afrika Korps.
In February 1943 Andrews became the commander of all United States forces in the European Theater of Operations. In his memoirs, Gen Henry H. "Hap" Arnold, commander of the Army Air Forces in WWII, expressed the belief that Andrews would have been given the command of the Allied invasion of Europe -- the position that eventually went to Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Unfortunately, on May 3, 1943, the B-24 carrying Andrews on an inspection tour crashed while attempting to land at the Royal Air Force Base at Kaldadarnes, Iceland. Andrews and 13 others died in the crash, and only the tail gunner survived.
Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, is named in honor of Lt. Gen. Frank M. Andrews. From National Museum of the U.S. Air Force.
Major General Ray W. Barker served in the European Theater of Operations. He was ordered to London in 1942 to work with British planners for the upcoming cross-channel invasion of the European continent. During the next two years he was attached to the combined United States-British group, which became known as COSSAC (Chief of Staff to Supreme Allied Commander), and planned Operation Overlord, the D-Day invasion at Normandy on June 6, 1944. In 1945 he was Director of Army division to supervise demilitarization of Germany. The Papers of Ray W. Barker, Dwight D. Eisenhower Eisenhower Library.
Washington County Free Library
Western Maryland Room, Washington County Free Library
United States. Army, Biography; World War, 1939-1945, United States; Hartle, Russell P.