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Scharf's History of Washington Cemetery, page 4

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In 1874 the trustees resumed work, and buried two thousand four hundred and forty-seven dead, of whom two hundred and eighty-one were identified. The graves were sodded and the grounds decorated as far as the funds of the trustees permitted, after they had set apart a sum (two thousand dollars) which, invested, would yield an income sufficient to keep the cemetery in good repair. A monument was also erected, the work of A. Steinmetz, of Philadelphia, at a cost of fourteen hundred and forty dollars. At the close of his remarks Maj. Freaner said, "It is our intention to make this cemetery a beautiful spot, worthy of an annual pilgrimage from those whose friends and kindred lie here buried, as well as all those who may wish to render homage to a race of men who were willing to die rather than submit to humiliation."
The dedication dirge (words by Col. H. Kyd Douglas, music by F.J. Halm) was then sung by the choir, led by Prof. Halm, with organ accompaniment by Mrs. John Cretin. During the singing Capt. Faulkner’s company stood at "present arms." The dirge and music were dedicated to Gen. Fitzhugh Lee. Gen. Lee, the orator of the day, was then introduced, and delivered an eloquent address, in which, after giving rapid sketches of the conspicuous Southern generals, he said that the people of the two sections now had a common country, and that it behooved his hearers to love and cherish it, and to banish discord and strife. After Gen. Lee’s address there was music by the Martinsburg Band, which was followed by a poem delivered by its author, Hon. Daniel B. Lucas; then music by the Keedysville Band, after which a letter was read from Brevet Maj.-Gen. J.W. Crawford, of the Federal army, then living at Chambersburg, Pa., in which he said that he would most willingly add his testimony to the bravery and devotion of the gallant men who rest at Washington Cemetery. "In their devotion to principle," said he, "and in those high qualities which enabled them to die for it, they have the respect of every true American." After the reading of this letter the graves were strewn with flowers, the monument was decorated with roses and evergreens, and a handsome magnolia was placed at the base. On the mound whereon the monument stands and in front of the monument stood a shield, with the ground in white roses and a St. Andrew’s cross in red roses; and on the three remaining sides the words, in large letters, Gettysburg, Antietam, South Mountain, in red, white, and pink roses respectively. Besides these there was a great profusion of flowers and of floral decorations placed on the green turf near the monument. During the ceremony of strewing the graves with flowers the different bands played funeral marches and requiems. When the decoration was finished Harry Greenwood, of Shepherdstown, aged five years, performed a "solo" on the drum, accompanied by his father with the fife. The choir then sang "Farewell," with the words as arranged by A.D. Merrick, and the long metre doxology, with accompaniment by the Hagerstown Band, after which the Rev. Walter A. Mitchell, rector of St. John’s Protestant Episcopal Church, pronounced the benediction. The Berkeley Light Infantry then discharged three volleys over the graves of the dead soldiers, after which the procession formed again and marched back to Hagerstown, and the visiting delegations took the trains for their respective homes.

The following committees made the necessary arrangements for the occasion:

Committee of Arrangements.— P.A. Witmer, Alexander Armstrong, William Weller, Buchanan Schley, Christ. F. Bikle, A.J. Schindle, J.C. Lane, George Lias, George W. Grove.

Committee of Reception.— Col. Geo. Schley, Dr. A.T. Mason, Charles W. Humrickhouse, Lewis C. Smith, Alexander Neill, T.J.C. Williams, Dr. C.B. Boyle, William Kealhofer, W. McK. Keppler, W.H. Armstrong.


J. Thomas Scharf


Collection Location:
Western Maryland Room, WCFL

Publisher: Louis H. Everts.

Maryland, History, Civil War, 1861-1865, Registers of dead; Cemeteries, Maryland, Washington County; Confederate States of America, Army, Maryland.

Washington and Frederick Counties (Md.), 1868

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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