Mt. Savage, page 4
The little veins of water in the earth are collected in the drifts or main passage, and issue noiselessly forth with a current of the color of a porter-bottle. Whether the soil derives any advantage from this under-drainage we have not heard.
The population of the mining villages, though to this remark there may be exceptions, does not appear to me to be of the most hopeful kind. They owe little to the schoolmaster, and know so little of the advantages, that they are not generally anxious to procure them for their children. Some of them are provident, investing their earnings in lands, and they and their children will ultimately pass into the agricultural class. These (people) inhabit a region of great fertility; their fields yield good crops of wheat and other grains, the finest hay and sweet pasturage for their herds. These farmers are Catholics, and almost in sight of where I write, in one of the pleasantest and greenest nooks of the hills, stands their old church and the house of their priest surrounded by trees. From the point at which I write many interesting excursions may be made. The visitor may follow my example in a drive to the neighboring mines, or he may pass to the Glades, as they call the country west of Cumberland, on the railway, a tract of hills and dales covered with rich grass and grazed by numerous herds; or go on horseback to the pine woods of Mt. Savage and lose himself; or, proceeding a few miles further, and crossing the Pennsylvania boundary, find himself among the Dunkers, a primitive and friendly people living among the Dutch Glades, who never suffer the razor to pass over their chins.
This descriptive essay is found on pages 1436-37, Volume II, Scharf's History of Western Maryland. Bryant was the founder of the New England School of poetry, best remembered for his "Thanatopsis." This essay might well be among the first eye-witness accounts of the mining of bituminous coal.
WINDSOR HOTEL plenty of Parking - Free
Phone: 1590 Baltimore Street Cumberland, Md.
Oldest Hotel in Western Maryland in continuous operation since 1842. This was the year the B. & O. reached Cumberland. General Kelley of the Federal Army was kidnapped from his sleeping quarters in this Hotel, then known as "The Barnum House" by the MacNeil Rangers (Confederate) in 1865. General Kelley was later released. Upon retirement he lived in Garrett County until his death in 1900. Buried by side of General Crook in Arlington National Cemetery.
LIBERTY TAVERN "A Place of Distinction"
42 N. Liberty Street, Cumberland, Maryland
Founded October 1, 1936, by Jesse Hopcraft and John Manley
Phone: 56 CHARLES M. WHETSELL, Manager
William Cullen Bryant
Ruth Enlow Library, Oakland
22 x 15 cms
Editor: Felix G. Robinson