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Local landmarks


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Local Landmarks
By
JAMES ALFRED AVIRETT

THE GEORGE WASHINGTON HEADQUARTERS IN CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND

One of the most historic buildings in the United States is the headquarters of George Washington, which now stands in Riverside Park in the City of Cumberland, Allegany County, Maryland. In order to evaluate this structure, it is only necessary to recall that this was not a building where George Washington spent a night or stopped on one or two occasions. It is the building where for a period of almost four years he made his military home and headquarters, and where as President of the United States, he reviewed the American Army and wore the uniform of Commander-in Chief for the last time.

George Washington's headquarters were built for him in 1755 by men under the command of General Edward Braddock. It will be recalled that General Braddock was the English general who was sent to the American colonies by the Duke of Cumberland to lead the English armies in their battle against the French. At that time, George Washington was a Lieutenant Colonel in the Virginia Militia and assigned as aide-de-camp to General Braddock.

The headquarters were built on the parade grounds which lay just West of Fort Cumberland. The exact site is adjoining the present Allegany County Court House where the Gillette house now stands. It is now the residence of The Charles A. Pipers.

So far as is known, the headquarters were not used by Washington again until 1794, when he was serving his second term as President of the United States. For sometime prior to Washington's return to Cumberland, the residents of Western Pennsylvania had refused to pay the federal excise tax on liquor. This refusal to pay their taxes became an open revolt known in history as the "Whiskey Rebellion." So serious did this threat become, and so direct a challenge was it to the power of the Federal Government, that Washington decided to intervene. A substantial army was raised, and as Commander-in-Chief of the American forces, President Washington as-

***
Mr. Avirett, one of Cumberland's younger attorneys is from an old Allegany County family. Along with his professional life he is actively engaged in many community enterprises.




ID:
gctt041

Creator:
James Alfred Avirett

Date:
1953

Collection Location:
Ruth Enlow Library, Oakland

Original Size:
22 x 15 cms

Contributor:
Editor: Felix G. Robinson

Subject:
Maryland, History

Coverage:
Maryland

 
 
Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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