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Allegany County
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Garrett County
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Native Man in Garrett County page 4


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tributaries. It appears that the tribes in residence in what is now Maryland at the time of the colony's establishment (1634) were the Nanticokes (Eastern Shore), the Piscataways (west side of Chesapeake Bay) and the Susquehannocks (on both sides of the Bay). There were two semi-nomadic tribes that moved in later; one was the Shawnees who came from the South in 1692, settling on both the North and South branches of the Potomac, and retreating slowly westward, leaving the State by 1727. The other was the Senecas who joined the Iroquois Nation in 1725.

THE FIRST NATIVE MEN IN GARRETT

Artifacts reveal that human beings were residing in Garrett County as early as 2500 B.C. Evidences of their presence have been found in the Deep Creek Lake region. They belonged to what the archeologists call The Archaic Culture, a very primitive way of life. There seems to be no way, as yet, of determining whether the archaic peoples in Garrett County were still alive upon the advent of the people of the Monongahela Woodland Culture (pre-Columbian, circa 1300 A.D.) The cognate Algonquin tribes belonged to this culture. There is increasing archeological evidence that the native people were widely distributed in Garrett County, both in the pre-historic and historic period.

It is unlikely that in the earlier or later Indian occupation permanent, year-round residences were established. The Indians that came




ID:
gctg012

Creator:
Rev. J. C. Breuninger

Notes:
The author shown with Chief Le Peti Ohome and members of his Seneca tribe. Picture taken May 30, 1961. Courtesy Nicholas Star, Dearborn, Michigan. The picture was taken at the site of Fort Ponchertrain, founded by Cadillac in 1701.

Date:
Summer 1963

Collection Location:
Ruth Enlow Library, Oakland

Original Size:
22 x 15 cms

Contributor:
Editor: Felix G. Robinson

Subject:
Maryland, History

Coverage:
Western Maryland, 1750-1963

 
 
Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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