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Allegany County
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Rev John Stough page 3

Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information


who taught school in the county as early as 1776-1777." Stough could have studied under Bartholomew.

The first four chapters of Wentz's "History of Gettysburg Theological Seminary" founded in 1826, deal with the origins of Lutheran theological education in America. There were no seminaries, according to Wentz, either in Maryland or any other state until the founding of Hartwick Seminary in the state of New York in 1791.

"Saint John's Lutheran Church, Hagerstown, was organized in 1770, its constitution being signed by sixty members. Its first pastor was the Rev. Mr. Wildban. . . . From 1772 to 1779 the pastor was the Rev. Mr. Young. ... In 1793 the Rev. J. G. Schmucker D.D. became pastor. Dr. Schmucker was educated at Halle, Germany, and was twenty-two years of age when he came to Hagerstown. . . . Dr. Schmucker resigned in 1810."

According to Scharf the records of Saint John's were missing for the years between 1779 and 1791. It is not known who was the pastor of Saint John's during Stough's residence in Hagerstown.

In his twenty-fourth year, 1786, John Stough made his first trip to the mountains. How far he penetrated the wilderness is not known. Upon his return he had no difficulty in convincing several families that somewhere in the Allegheny Mountains they could find an abundance of land where they could establish their own church-centered community. The following year he married Elizabeth Haguemyer at Hagerstown. The name is spelled Hogmire in Scharf's history. Conrad Hogmire is listed among the first land owners in Washington County.


In 1784 Maryland and Virginia appropriated money for the building of an inter-state road from Winchester to Westernport (Md.); from there upstream a short distance, crossing the mouth of Savage River where is located the village of Bloomington, thence across Backbone Mountain into the Yough Glades, thence down to Cheat River, coming to its terminus at Morgantown (W. Va.). In 1786, the year that John Stough made his exploratory trip, this road was being surveyed. This is the road he must have taken the following year.

In his story as published in "The History of The Joint-Synod of Ohio" he is quoted as saying: "We attempted to cross the Savage River on Sunday morning after the heavy rain of Saturday night. My comrade got on the front horse. I on the middle horse, the two women in the

"History of Western Maryland by J. Thomas Scharf, Vol. II, p. 1153, Louis H. Everts, Philadelphia, Penna., 1882.


Felix G. Robinson


Collection Location:
Ruth Enlow Library, Oakland

Original Size:
22 x 15 cms

Maryland, History

Western Maryland, 1750-1963

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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