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Giant twins (Gortner) page 4

Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information


ger-like tassels. The nuts are in tiny saucers, or cups, like a chalice, and hang in profusive clusters at the end of a whorl of leaves on a delicate twig. They are tipped with threads of crimson. The acorn is the fruit of the oak. It ripens in early autumn, and many a year the ground is covered with them. The acorn remains the most dependable mast in the Allegheny Mountains. There are some sections where the beech mast remains sufficiently abundant to sustain the black bear, but he is equally fond of the fruit of the oak. The Indians and pioneers used acorns in various ways. The acorn was pounded into a pulp from which porridge and bread were made. The acorns were first boiled in lye and then roasted in order to remove the bitterness. From the sweet pulp, with all shell removed, different uses were made of it in the preparation of meals. It was frequently used with meat—and also went well with puddings, and soups.

Water with minerals in solution travel up from the roots to the leaves in the new layer of wood inside the cambium. Hence this part of the wood is called sapwood. Other sap carries food down from the leaves through a layer called phloem inside the bark. Trees purify the air by removing carbon dioxide and giving back oxygen. Trees inhale what we exhale.

The early frosts of autumn enact a transformation to the myriad of leaves. They are changed from green to a great variety of brilliant colors. In a separate leaf there is often several colors. The forests light up as though a conflagration was passing through, climbing up to the mountain crests, and reaching out with their glory to the blue sky. So


Rev. J. C. Breuninger

Rev. J. C. Breuninger in his cadet uniform standing by the skeleton of the Giant Oak, June 13, 1946. Courtesy, Mrs. A. C. Breuninger.


Collection Location:
Ruth Enlow Library, Oakland

Original Size:
22 x 15 cms

Editor: Felix G. Robinson

Maryland, History

Western Maryland, 1750-1963

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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