Mennonite-Amish Culture in the Pen-Mar Highlands, page 5
mar King', whose ministry must have dated as far back as 1785 also preached for the Elk Lick Amish. A church was built in Elk Lick in 1882." (5)
"At the time of the Somerset County Centennial (1895) the Amish from the various townships took part in the parade. Farmers in Amish garb played old-fashioned instruments: drums, bassoons, flutes, and old brass horns, many of them brought from beyond the seas by their ancestors." (6)
The first scattered settlers arrived in Pennsylvania as early as 1720. A family or two crossed the mountains into Somerset County as early as 1767. The Somerset area was populated more by Amish directly from Hesse Germany between 1830 and 1860 than from those already settled in Eastern Pennsylvania. These were the people who moved a short distance south into Garrett County, Maryland and Preston County, West Virginia.
"Garrett County, Maryland was settled by the Old Order Amish. The settlement at first consisted of about 75 communicant members, located south of Oakland, Md. The first to locate there came probably sometime before 1850. They came from Somerset and Cambria counties in Pennsylvania. The congregation was organized in 1855. Daniel Beachy was the first Bishop. He died in 1897. After his death bishops from Somerset County served until 1908—when Lewis Beachy was ordained." (7)
Following is a list of some of the surnames of the original settlers in the Gortner section, south of Oakland: Pfeil, Gortner, Miller, Yutzy, Slaubaugh, Selder, Beachy, Gnagey, Schrock, Petersheim, Schwartzentruber, Lichty.
The earliest settlement in the northern part of Garrett County was adjacent to the Mason-Dixon line with Grantsville as the hub of their communities. It is likely that an Amish family settled on the Maryland side as early as 1770. By 1800 there were a number of families. Following is a list of Amish communities in Garrett County: Oak Grove, Casselman, Bear Creek, Glade, Cherry Glade, Meadow Mountain, Maple Glen, Red Run, Menadier, Fairview, Dry Run, Gortner.
"By the close of the 18th century the Amish were well established in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, and Garrett County, Maryland. This extension was from the Glades Congregation near the town of Berlin (Somerset Co.) and the congregation at the river Casselman located along the Casselman from near Meyersdale in Somerset County to beyond Grantsville in Garrett County, Maryland." (8)
Familiar surnames of settlers in the Grantsville area are: Brenne
Felix G. Robinson
5- From Welfley's "History of Somerset County", Vol. II, pp. 502-503,
6 From Welfley's "Scrapbook", Vol. II, p. 84.
7. The Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. II, p. 439.
8 The Mennonite Encyclopedia (1955-1959), Vol. IV, p. 573.
Ruth Enlow Library, Oakland
22 x 15 cms
Western Maryland, 1750-1963