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Allegany County
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Garrett County
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Accident pioneers, page 5

Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information


the chief tools being the grubbing hoe, shovel plow and mattock. The sickle and flail were used in harvesting and threshing. Later the shovel plow gave way to the moldboard plow while spike and spring-tooth harrows were used to pulverize the soil and cover the seed which was broadcast by hand. Oxen and horses were used to furnish the power for these implements.

Gradually the land was cleared and the timber which had been hewn with axes was used for log houses and barns some of which are still standing and in use today. Good examples are the log house on the Adam Richter farm and the large barn on the farm owned by Harry O'Brien.

Farm crops grown by the early settlers were much the same as

ELIZABETH FAIRALL, retired executive of Julius Garfinkle Store, Washington, D. C. Miss Fairall is a grand-daughter of the Hon. Richard Fairall, merchant, legislator, and lumberman who lived in Accident, Maryland until his accidental death at his mill November 27th, 1865. Miss Fairall gave the annual address of the Garrett County Historical Society in June, 1955.

found in this section today: corn, oats, buckwheat and wheat. Maple syrup was produced by the early settlers. Cattle, horses, hogs and sheep were raised. The wool from the sheep was washed, combed, spun, knit and woven into clothing for the family. This was a home industry in which the women and girls were engaged.

The early farm families were self-sufficient and also produced extra commodities for market. Products such as cured meat, maple syrup, butter, eggs, flax, and produce were hauled by wagon to Lonaconing, Barton, Westernport and Cumberland. Livestock was driven on foot.

In maintaining the self-sufficiency of the community of settlers


Kathryn A. Speicher


Collection Location:
Ruth Enlow Library, Oakland

Original Size:
22 x 15 cms

Editor: Felix G. Robinson

Maryland, History

Western Maryland, 1750-1963

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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