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How the trails began, page 3

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join their enterprise by settling on the western lands, thus serving as additional support for their contemplated fur-trading activities. The agents for the three companies were (1) Christopher Gist for The Ohio Company, (2) Dr. Thomas Walker for the Loyal Company, also of Virginia, and (3) George Croghan for the Penn Company.

In 1748 Dr. Thomas Walker, Col. James Patton, Col. John Buchanan, Col. James Wood, and Major Charles Campbell, accompanied by some hunters, of whom John Findley, who afterward, in 1767, penetrated into Kentucky, and in 1769, accompanied Daniel Boone from North Carolina to Kentucky, was one, made an excursion through southwest Virginia. Dr. Walker, the leader of this expedition, was the Agent for the Loyal Company of Virginia.

In 1749 Thomas Cresap of Oldtown, Md. (near Cumberland), Hugh Parker and others were sent by the Ohio Company, also of Virginia, to search a site for headquarters on the Ohio River. This Company had a grant of 500,000 acres along the Ohio between the Monongahela and Great Kanawha Rivers. The expedition was unsuccessful. It was the following year (1750) that Christopher Gist took over the job. He made a complete survey of the region which was carefully recorded in his journal. Then in 1751, accompanied by one of his sons, he went again. At Turkeyfoot, now known as Confluence, Penna. he met George Nemacolin, a Delaware Indian, who had previously assisted Thomas Cresap in improving a trail which finally became known as The National Pike. In 1752 Gist, with his family, moved to the Youghiogheny River between Ohio Pyle and Connellsville, Penna.

George Croghan emigrated from Ireland in 1741. Three years later he commenced trading with the Indians, and in a remarkable short time, for a new arrival to these shores, became the leading Indian Trader of Pennsylvania. We know that he was on the Ohio River prior to 1750 as he met Gist there that year. Croghan was the recognized leader of many individual white traders among the Indians who were answerable to William Penn's colony. He did not become an official Agent for


Editor: Felix G. Robinson


Collection Location:
Ruth Enlow Library, Oakland

Original Size:
22 x 15 cms

Maryland, History

Western Maryland, 1750-1963

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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