The editorial map, page 3
the northern end—and the fifth and last trip across the southern corner by way of McCullough's Pack-Horse Path (1784). It was in connection with his last trip that he made his one stop with a Garrett County resident. This was at Charles Friend's near Oakland on Rt. 7. Mr. Washington wrote of this and former journeys through the county. And prior to 1800 we have the written records of Bishop Francis Asbury, Felix Rennick, Thomas Walcutt, Eric Bollman, the Rev. John Taylor, the Rev. David Jones, Nicholas Cresswell, Thomas Asche, Samuel Allen, the Rev. Henry Smith, Luther Martin and John Bartram. These journals are available. To publish all the references to Garrett County made in these journals would take up the bulk of one issue of Tableland Trails. From time to time the journals of these first visitors will be published.
Between the three mountain ranges (Savage, Backbone and Snaggy running parallel in a southwesterly direction) flow the Savage, Potomac and Youghiogheny Rivers—the Youghiogheny drains at least two thirds of the county and flows northwestward. Thus the major portion of the county belongs to the Upper Ohio Valley drainage system. This is the only westward drainage in the State—all other counties drain into the Potomac and Susquehanna Rivers and Chesapeake Bay. The Savage River joins the Potomac at Bloomington. Garrett's boundaries are (1) At the southern tip Kempton from which proceed the boundary lines of Preston, Grant and Tucker Counties in West Virginia, (2) The North Branch of the Potomac River on the southeast side, flowing in a northeastern direction, (3) The western boundary, Preston County, W. Va., (4) The Northern is the Mason Dixon Line separating Garrett from Somerset County, Penna., (5) The eastern boundary, Allegany County, Maryland.
Hoyecrest marks the highest elevation (3,360 ft.) in the county, and in the state. It is located four hundred feet from the W. Va. line on Backbone Mountain in the vicinity of Silver Lake on the north, and the Fairfax Stone on the south. A permanent marker will be erected there in the near future.
Garrett's bid to historical importance is that more pioneers crossed it on their way westward than any other mountain top passage in the United States. The routes followed were (1) The National Pike (Rt. 40), (2) The Northwestern Turnpike (Rt. 50), (3) The Old State Road (1787) now a part of Rt. 7, (4) McCullough Path, and (5) The B&O R. R. (1851).
The first place anywhere in the world for a railroad to cross over a mountain was here in Garrett County. And the first improved road over the Allegheny mountains was the National Pike, also in Garrett Co. For over 100 years Garrett was the main passage across the moun-
Felix G. Robinson
Ruth Enlow Library, Oakland
22 x 15 cms
Western Maryland, 1750-1963