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Allegany County
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Garrett County
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Deep Creek, page 3

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tree Run and other streams. On February 12, 1825, Calhoun submitted a report, with the findings of the engineers, to President Monroe.

Two days later Monroe submitted the report to Congress with a message in which he said:

I contemplate results of incalculable advantage to our Union because I see in them the most satisfactory proof that certain impediments, which have a tendency to embarrass the intercourse between some of its most important sections, may be removed without serious difficulty.

He believed that the section of the canal from the waters of the Potomac to those of the Ohio should be constructed to convince the people, both East and West, that the main obstacle, the passage across the mountains, could be overcome. This could be accomplished without as much cost to the Government as some of the less important canals already completed.

In 1825 the old Potomac Company surrendered its charter and Congress vested authority in the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company, which was financed mostly by the states of Maryland and Virginia. The new company was to construct a canal from Georgetown to the mouth of Savage River and across the Allegany mountains as far as the Ohio or one of its tributaries. In 1826 a canal convention met in Washington with two delegates from Allegany County, John Hoye and John McHenry, in attendance.

President Adams broke ground for the construction of the canal on July 4, 1828, and the actual work began in September of that year. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, also begun the same day in 1828, reached Cumberland in 1842, but the canal suffered many setbacks and did not complete its course to Cumberland until October 10, 1850. The first cargo shipped consisted of five boatloads of coal from the Eckart mines, which traveled from Cumberland to Georgetown.

Although the canal was never extended over the mountains, surveys of the area were made for this purpose. The route favored by the engineers extended up the Potomac and Savage Rivers by Crabtree Creek to a tunnel through Little Backbone mountain to the waters of the Youghiogheny,

James Shriver and a group of Maryland engineers made a detailed survey of the Garrett County area in 1823. His published report was entitled "An Account of Surveys and Examinations, Chesapeake and Ohio Canal." In this official report he quotes a statement of Gen. R. G. Harper to the effect that Thomas Moore, of Maryland, had made the first "scientific view" of the ground in September 1820, and that the next survey was made by the Maryland-Virginia Commission in the summer of 1822. Shriver made special mention of the "Green Glades," extending over approximately 3,000 acres, which were cover-


Eugene Alderton, Louise Ewald, John Fatkin, Mary Agnes McGann, Carolyn F. Smith


Collection Location:
Ruth Enlow Library, Oakland

Original Size:
22 x 15 cms

Maryland, History

Western Maryland, 1750-1963

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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