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Skirmish at South Branch, page 2

Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information


In order to expedite his advance, Kelley ordered the Second Regiment, Potomac Home Brigade to move south from the mouth of Patterson Creek through Frankfort (Fort Ashby) and Springfield, and to enter Romney east of the town. Kelley hoped the regiment would cut the Northwest Turnpike and trap the Confederate Militia defending the town.(5) This regiment was organized in Cumberland and recruited in Allegany County, Maryland.(6)

Seven hundred men of the Second Regiment, led by Colonel Johns, began their advance at 5 a. m. the 26th from North Branch Bridge. They marched through Frankfort to within one-half mile of Springfield, where they encountered the first resistance. Here scouts of Colonel A. Monroe's 114 Virginia Militia met and fired upon the advancing Marylanders, wounding two. Placing out skirmishers, the Maryland regiment repelled the attack and marched forward.

One and a half miles south of Springfield the Romney road crossed the South Branch on a suspension bridge. This was called the "Wire Bridge" and was composed of wire cable supporting wooden sleepers

5 - "Official Records, 1 ser., V, pp. 381-382. Johns to Thurston.
6 - Scharf, J. Thomas, History of Western Maryland, p. 371. Here are listed the various companies of the brigade, as well as the areas in which they were recruited.


Thomas Richards

Map by the author.


Collection Location:
Ruth Enlow Library, Oakland

Original Size:
22 x 15 cms

United States--History--Civil War

Maryland, West Virginia, 1862-1865

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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