Civil War diary of James Francis Beall, Sep 1862
foot, Tommy & John went on horseback of whom they have heard nothing since they left. When I arrived home this evening I found that the yankees had killed my hog, stolen all our peaches, some sweet potatoes, tomatoes, beets, carrots, cantelopes & keyan pepper. They scratched out & carried off about 5 bu. of my best irish potatoes leaving the small ones hanging to the vines & scattered over the ground. They certainly are the most wicked & meanest set of men in the civilised world. Although they have an abundance of provisions they kill the citizen's hogs by dozins, kill sheep, cattle, steal chickens & horses & in fact nearly everything they can lay their hands on, while the rebles as they call them will scarcely take an apple from a man's orchard without asking or paying for it. As sure as the bible is true the difference in the men is marked by the almighty hand of Jehovah.
Saturday Sept. 20th
I have been at home since last Sunday alone. Our village has been lined with straglers all this week, who are stealing & destroying as they pass on. Some troops are passing occasionally, moving towards the field of slaughter.
The heaviest battle that has taken place during the week is called the battle of Antietam & which exceeded, in extent of the forces engaged and in destruction of human life, all that have occurred on this continent. The battle commenced at seven o'clock on Wednesday morning the 17th inst. & lasted until dark or about 14 hours, in which the federal loss was estimated at ten thousand killed & wounded & the confederates (as stated) will not exceed it. The battle was fought on Antietam creek & in & around Sharpsburg Washington Co. Md. The federals at Harper's ferry surrendered to General Jackson on last monday the 15th inst. The number of yankees captured by the rebles was eleven thousand five hundred and eighty three, forty seven pieces of artillery, a quantity of small arms, several hundred negroes, a quantity of provisions, etc.
James Francis Beall
32 x 21 cms
United States --History --Civil War, 1861-1865 --Personal narratives, Confederate; James Francis Beall.
Frederick & Montgomery County, Md., 1859-1865