Civil War diary of James Francis Beall, Jan 1863
I think it was on the 25th Nov. last that a party of confederate cavelry came to Poolsville Montg. Co. & surprised & captured a parcel of yankees & carried off & destroyed a quantity of Government stores. J. T. Maxwell & L. T. Beall being with the confederates at which time I have heard that Tommy captured a splendid saddle, sword, carbine, halter, etc. During the same day at night two or three men supposed to be confederates went to Urbanna & took Thomas Smith & Frank Harris prisoners. Smith escaping, Harris was shot & it is yet doubtfull whether he will recover. Same night Geo. Webster was shot by one Ben Philips at Hyattstown
On the 12th of Dec. 1862 I closed school at Locust Grove having taught there some 2 or 3 years.
On the 23d ult. we locked up and went over to Mr. Maxwell's & father’s. Returned on the 31st
On tuesday the 6th of January 1863 we left Hyattstown about 12 o'clock & after experiencing a very rainy, cold evening we arrived on the farm I had rented a little before sunset, it being a farm owned by Is. B. Hughes lying about 3 miles S. E. of Clarksburg Montgomery Co. Md. I had hired Tobias Trout to work for me for four dollars per month. He commenced work the day we moved. We find the farm in a dilapidated condition, buildings racked & turning blacke for want of lime, fencing down & rotten, briars & bushes coming up over it, yet we are all blessed with good health, praise the Lord.
I am sorry that I can note that the war is still in progress. There was an awful battle fought at Fredericksburg in Va. in which the yankees under Burnsides was dreadfully whipped, not long since Whites cavelry came to Poolsville the
James Francis Beall
On November 14, 1862, Union General Burnside, now in command of the Army of the Potomac, sent a corps to occupy the vicinity of Falmouth near Fredericksburg. The rest of the army soon followed. General Lee reacted by entrenching his army on the heights behind the town. On December 11, Union engineers laid five pontoon bridges across the Rappahannock under fire. On the 12th, the Federal army crossed over, and on December 13, Burnside mounted a series of futile frontal assaults on Prospect Hill and Marye's Heights that resulted in staggering casualties.
32 x 21 cms
United States --History --Civil War, 1861-1865 --Personal narratives, Confederate; James Francis Beall.
Frederick & Montgomery County, Md., 1859-1865