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ABCs of American Architecture (Twentieth Century)

Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information


that have brought us to what we are building today. We refer you to the following bibliography for further reference, and invite you to delve into the world of living space.

To summarize—

Modern architecture evolved as a result of new man-made materials and new structural systems, such as concrete, structural steel, plate glass, central heating and electric lights. Frank Lloyd Wright, the genius of twentieth century design, called it "breaking the box".

Revival styles were adapted to the new forms of residential building. Colonial revival, Georgian colonial, Dutch colonial, Tudor, Mediterranean and bungaloid were some of the names applied to home styles. Cape Cod and ranch style homes are among the more popular contemporary designs.

The Prairie style is one of the most wholly American styles to evolve from this century. Its horizontal lines echo the flatness of the Midwest.

In the Thirties, a "modernistic" look became popular, including Art Deco, rectilinear in form and ornamented with geometric designs, and the International style, stark, functional and totally devoid of ornamentation. The latter was developed as a formula building system and remains popular tor utilitarian building today, although the trend is toward a more personal fashion.


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Cumberland Historic Preservation Commission

City of Cumberland


Collection Location:

Original Size:
22 x 29 cm.

Helene L. Baldwin, Joy W. Douglas, Gary Bartik and John Eiser

Historic buildings, Maryland, Allegany County; Historic buildings, Maryland, Cumberland.

Cumberland (Md,); 1742-1980

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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