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ABCs of American Architecture (Glossary -2)

Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information


Cupola - A small domed structure rising from a roof or tower.

Curb - A molded or otherwise ornamented edging along the top of the lower slopes of a gambrel or mansard roof.

Dentillated trim - A molding furnished with small rectangular blocks in a series, like teeth.

Doric [Order] - The oldest and simplest of the classical orders, characterized by heavy fluted columns with no base, plain saucer-shaped capitals and a bold simple cornice.

Dormer - A vertically set window on a sloping roof; also, the roofed structure housing such a window.

Eaves - The projecting overhang at the lower edge of a roof.

Eclectic - Composed of elements selected or chosen from different sources.

Elliptical - Shaped like a flattened circle.

Entablature - In classical architecture, the part of a structure between the column capital and the roof or pediment; comprised of the architrave, frieze and cornice.

Eyebrow window - A small window in an attic story.

Fa├žade - The outward architectural features of a house.

Fanlight - A semicircular or semielliptical window above a door.

Fascia - The flat band or board around the edge of a roof or a part of the entablature.

Gable - The triangular wall segment at the end of a ridged roof.

Gambrel - A ridged roof with two slopes on each side, the lower slope having the steeper pitch.

Gingerbread - Pierced curvilinear ornament executed with the jig saw or scroll saw, used under the eaves of roofs. So called after the sugar frosting on German gingerbread houses.

Half-Timbering - A wall construction in which the spaces between members of the timber frame are filled with brick, stone or other material.

Hipped roof - A roof with four uniformly pitched sides.

Hood molding - A large molding over a window, originally designed to direct water away from the wall; also called a drip molding.


Page #:

Cumberland Historic Preservation Commission

City of Cumberland

Illustration of a fanlight


Collection Location:

Original Size:
22 x 29 cm.

Helene L. Baldwin, Joy W. Douglas, Gary Bartik and John Eiser

Historic buildings, Maryland, Allegany County; Historic buildings, Maryland, Cumberland.

Cumberland (Md,); 1742-1980

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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