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ABCs of American Architecture (Glossary - 3)

Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information


Ionic [Order] - An order of classical architecture characterized by a capital with spirals used for ornament.

Iron lace - Decorative, lacy patterns formed in cast iron and used for railing.

Lancet - A narrow pointed arch.

Leaded glass - Small panes of glass which are held in place with lead strips; the glass may be clear or stained.

Lintel - A beam over an opening in a wall or over two or more pillars.

Loggia - The Italian word for veranda.

Low-relief - Sculpture in which the figures project only slightly from the background. Bas-relief.

Mansard roof - A roof that has two slopes on all four sides.

Medallion - An oval or circular design or carving.

Molding - A continuous decorative band that is either carved into or applied to a surface.

Neoclassic - A revival or adaptation of a classic style.

Oriel - A large bay window, usually supported by a corbel or bracket.

Palladian window - A three-part window opening with a large arched central light and flanking rectangular side lights.

Pediment - A wide, low-pitched gable surmounting the facade of a building in a classical style; also, any similar triangular crowning element used over doors, windows and niches.

Pilaster - A shallow column attached to a wall.

Pitch - The angle of slope.

Portico -a large porch having a roof, often with a pediment supported by columns or pillars.

Quoin - Units of stone or brick used to accentuate the corners of a building.

Sash - A frame in which the panes of a window are set.

Shaft - The main part of a column between the base and the capital.


Cumberland Historic Preservation Commission

City of Cumberland


Collection Location:

Original Size:
22 x 29 cm.

Helene L. Baldwin, Joy W. Douglas, Gary Bartik and John Eiser

Historic buildings, Maryland, Allegany County; Historic buildings, Maryland, Cumberland.

Cumberland (Md,); 1742-1980

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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