Maryland Gubernatorial 10
Lloyd Lowndes, Jr. was elected in 1895 as Governor of Maryland and served from 1896-1900. A Republican, he is the only person from Allegany County to have been elected to this office. This button might have been an early commemorative, rather than an actual Lowndes election item as portrayed at the beginning of this section, in that it depicts the term of Lowndes' term of office from 1896-1900. Lowndes was defeated in his re-election bid for Governor by the Democrat, John Walter Smith, who went on to serve from 1900 to 1904. The back of the button has a paper insert noting that it was made by the Whitehead & Hoag Company of Newark, New Jersey. The process for making these celluloid buttons was relatively new and also shown on the back were the company's patents dated July 17, 1984, April 14, 1896, and July 21, 1896.
James P.S. Devereux (1903-1988), a Republican, was a Marine Corps general and a recipient of the Navy Cross for his role in the defense of Wake Island during World War II. After his capture in 1941, he served as a prisoner of war until 1945. He represented the Second Congressional District of Maryland in the United States Congress for four terms, 1951 through 1959. As a congressman Devereux supported public school desegregation and fought for an end to racial discrimination in hiring practices. He gave up his Congressional seat to run for Governor of Maryland in 1958. He lost to J. Millard Tawes, a Democratic. Devereux had 278,173 votes, or 36.5% of the total number cast. Tawes had 63.6%, equaling 485,061 votes.
Ross Z. Pierpont (1917-2005) was a member of the Democratic Party until 1970 when he became a Republican. Pierpont ran for office in the State of Maryland numerous times. This included candidacies for Mayor of Baltimore, the U.S. House of Representatives, the U.S. Senate and primary candidacies for the office of Governor of Maryland in 1966 (as a Democrat), 1978, 1982, 1990 and 2002. This button is from his 1966 Gubernatorial primary campaign. Archie D. Williams of Baltimore was on the Pierpont ticket in 1966 as the candidate for Comptroller. Williams was the first African-American to run for state-wide office in Maryland. Pierpont was defeated in the Democratic primary by George P. Mahoney who went on to lose to the Republican, Spiro Agnew.
Theodore "Ted" G. Venetoulis served as the Baltimore County Executive from 1974 to 1978. He sought the 1978 Democratic Party's nomination for Governor, but was defeated by Harry Hughes. Venetoulis' running-mate for Lieutenant Governor was Ann Stockett from West Annapolis.
Spiro T. Agnew was born in Baltimore and was elected Governor of Maryland in 1966 and served until 1969. Agnew had been selected by Richard M. Nixon as his vice-presidential running-mate in 1968, and upon their election Agnew resigned from the Governorship in 1969. Additional information on Agnew along with other Agnew gubernatorial items appear earlier in this section.
Martin J. O'Malley, a Democrat, defeated Robert Ehrlich in the 2006 gubernatorial election. His running-mate for Lieutenant Governor was Anthony G. Brown. O'Malley and Brown were re-elected to a second four-term in 2010. This particular button from 2006 was sponsored by the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees union which endorsed his campaign. Additional information on O'Malley along with other O'Malley gubernatorial items appear earlier in this section.
Mike Pappas, a Republican, announced in December 2008 that he was seeking the 2010 Republican nomination for Governor of Maryland. An attorney, Pappas was at the time a member of the Baltimore County Republican State Central Committee. In entering the campaign Pappas had said he wanted to diversify state politics. He stated, "We have just had one party control for far too long. The result of a one party monopoly is exactly what we are seeing more and more everyday in Maryland, and that is corruption and arrogance on behalf of the political leaders who are running the state". Pappas dropped out of contention in November 2009, and threw his support behind fellow Republican Lawrence J. Hogan, Jr. Hogan would also later withdraw in February 2010, and instead encourage former Maryland Governor Robert Ehrlich to run. Ehrlich did run, and was defeated by the incumbent, Martin O'Malley, in the November 2010 General Election.
Stephen H. Sachs, a Democrat, was elected Attorney General of Maryland in 1978, began his term of office in 1979, was re-elected to that position in 1982, and left office in January 1987. Sachs ran for the Democratic nomination for Governor of Maryland in 1986 but lost to William Donald Schaefer who went on to win the General Election. His running-mate for Lieutenant Governor was Parren Mitchell (1922-2007). Mitchell was the first African-American elected to the United States Congress from Maryland, and represented the Seventh Congressional District from January 1971 until January 1987. He had also been a founding member of the Congressional Black Caucus.
Ray Schoenke, a Democrat, was a professional football player in the National Football League between the years 1963 and 1975. His career included the Dallas Cowboys, Green Bay Packers, Cleveland Browns and finally the Washington Redskins from 1966 until his retirement in 1976. In January 1998 Schoenke announced that he would challenge Governor Parris N. Glendening for the Democratic nomination for Governor of Maryland. He eventually abandoned his bid in July 1998 and threw his support behind the incumbent Governor Glendening. Schoenke served on several boards and commissions including Governor Glendening's Advisory Commission on Gun Violence, as well as the succeeding Republican Governor Robert Ehrlich's transition team. It is interesting to note that while a member of the gun violence commission, he stated that the state should at least be able to have a discussion on controversial topics such as the legalization of drugs as a way to reduce violence. He also opposed the licensing of gun owners until such time the technology improved to make the process less expensive and time-consuming.
The large green AFSCME O'Malley button was provided courtesy of Christopher Uhl.
Campaign paraphernalia, Maryland, History