The Jones-Imboden Raid
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succor in case of need. Unfavorable weather and the condition of the roads made the first three days to Moorefield exceedingly arduous.
“We found the South Branch past fording and were compelled to make a detour by Petersburg to get over. Here the ford was rough and dangerous with the swiftness of the stream. When but a small portion of the Sixth Virginia Cavalry had passed, one man and horse were drowned and the others narrowly escaped. Citizens of Petersburg, whose names I will ascertain and report to you, came manfully to our assistance recklessly plunging to the assistance of all in peril, and remaining for hours in the cold water until all were safe over. It was my intention to have packed from the old fields forage for our horses while engaged in the destruction of the trestling at Cheat River. The forage could not be had, so on Apr. 25 we were compelled to start with our sacks empty, trusting to fortune.
“The pass at Greenland, contrary to information we had received, was found occupied by the enemy. Finding a loss of time must be incurred by attempting to turn this post, and fearing our plans might in the meantime be discovered, I determined to attempt a surprise, and failing in that, to carry the place by assault. Col. Dulany, with the Seventh Virginia Cavalry, charged the place gallantly, but failed to prevent the garrison from securing buildings which completely defended the pass.
“Col. Dulany had his horse killed and was himself wounded through the arm. The battalions of White and Brown were dismounted and ordered to assault the place at dusk. They did the work assigned to them in the most handsome manner. Under their protection, Lieut. Williamson, of the engineers, succeeded in firing the building in which the main body were posted. This soon led to a surrender.
“Arriving at the northwestern grade, Col. Harman and Maj. Brown were sent on Oakland, and a squadron of the 11th Virginia Cavalry, under Capt. E. H. McDonald, on Altamont. Both succeeded, and but for the delay at Greenland would have captured a train of officers belonging to Mulligan’s command. With the residue of my cavalry I attacked Rowlesburg. From the feebleness with which my orders were executed here, the attack failed. Being late in the day, and my horses having been on a forced march of 36 hours, without food, it was necessary to go for forage. About dark I moved on to feed and to join Col. Harman and Capt. McDonald, who had moved on Morgantown by way of Kingwood.
“On the evening of Apr. 27, having no tidings of Gen. Imboden, I left Evansville in search of Harman, destroying a two-span bridge on the railroad at Independence. I met Col. Harman about 12 miles south of Morgantown, turned him back, and with my whole command, crossed the Monongahela on the bridge at that town, resting until dark to prevent knowledge of our route reaching the enemy. We marched on Fairmont, where we arrived early next day. Here we found about 400 infantry, which we attacked vigorously, and soon succeeded in capturing 260 and in securing the railroad bridge across the river there. This we destroyed completely, throwing the whole magnificent structure into the water.
“Today, we moved on toward Clarksburg, but finding the place occupied by Brig. Gen. B. S. Roberts, we turned on Bridgeport, where Maj. Brown captured 46 prisoners. Here we fired a bridge and tall trestling and captured a train, which we destroyed. In passing Philippi, my lead horses and cattle were sent on to Beverly while the remainder of my force joined Gen. Imboden at Buckhannon.
“We have destroyed nine railroad bridges, captured two trains, one piece of artillery over 500 prisoners and secured for the government from 1,200 to 1,500 horses and nearly 1,000 cattle. Our loses in men and horses will be small.
This is not a historic newspaper. It is instead a commemorative of the 100th anniversary of the Civil War. The page, while printed in 1963, portrays events from April 1863.
Maryland, History, Civil War, 1861-1865, Campaigns; United States, Army, Supplies and stores, History, 19th century; Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, History,19th century; Jones, William E., d 1824-1864; Imboden, John D. (John Daniel), 1823-1895; Con