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Allegany County
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Nov 16 1864 General Wallace's Order

Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information


General Wallace’s Order Concerning Emancipation in Maryland.

Baltimore, Nov. 10.- Major-General Wallace has just issued an order setting forth that “certain evil disposed parties in Maryland intend on obstructing the operations and nullifying, as far as they can, the emancipation provision of the new constitution.” He therefore orders that all persons within the Middle Department, heretofore slaves, are now free, and are under special military protection until the legislature shall pass such laws as shall make military protection unnecessary.

A Freedmen’s Bureau is created, the office to be in Baltimore, and Major William M. Este is appointed to have it in charge. In order to make the Bureau effective, Major Este is authorized to institute investigations, to send for papers and to make necessary arrests. The Provost Marshals of the various districts are directed to hear all complaints and report the same to Major Este, who is directed to take possession of the Maryland Club House, which is now by order named the Freedmen’s Rest. All moneys collected from friends are to be appropriated to the use of the Freedmen’s Rest: but for immediate wants Major Este is directed to draw on Col. Woolley.

It is further directed that should the moneys derived from donations and from fines collected prove insufficient to support the institution in a manner corresponding to its importance, Major Este is directed to make a list of all the avowed Rebel sympathizers residing in the city, with a view of levying such contributions on them for the support of the institution as may be from time to time required. The execution of this order is directed to be proceeded with at once.


Herald & Torch Light


Collection Location:
Washington County Free Library

Hagerstown (Md.), Newspapers; Maryland, History, Civil War, 1861-1865

Washington County (Md.), 1861-1865

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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