Acknowledgements and Bibliography
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ITEMS below for more information
I am deeply grateful for the assistance and guidance provided by the following: First and foremost our "collaborator", Jill Craig and the Western Maryland Historical Library, Angela, Natasha, and Josinda Feldstein, Bonita Austin, JoJacqueline Cooper and the McKendree United Methodist Church of Potomac Park, Dan Whetzel, Vicki Day, Leontyne Peck, Jan Alderton and the Cumberland Times-News, Tawnia Austin and the Carver Community Center Museum, Stephanie Gates, John Gates, Dolores Gates-Thomas, Walter C. Crawford, Rodney and Vivian Keys, Jacqueline Harper, Russell Conway, Juanita Cage Lewis, the late Mary Louise Jones, the late Ruth E. Franklin, Patrick and Isabelle Amoroso, David Cotton, the late Earle L. Bracey, Kevin Woods, Margie Eirich, John A. Grant and the Garrett County Historical Society, Francis Zumbrun, Pastor Alfred Deas, Jr. and the Cumberland Metropolitan A.M.E. Church, Butch Haggard, John "Perkey" Yates, Jon Loff, Walter Younger, Reverend Edward Chapman, Darla Copeland, James N. Goldsworthy, Carmen B. Jackson, Janet Powell, Brooke Davis, George "Bump" Franklin, MaryJo Price, Pansye Atkinson, the Allegany County Museum, Reverend John B. McIntyre, Patsy Koontz and the NewPage Corporation, Glenn Tolbert, Betty Van Newkirk, the Allegany County Board of Education, Ivan Freedman of the Anne Arundel County Public Library and Kathy McKenney.
Allegany County; A History, by Harry I. Stegmaier, David M. Dean, Gordon E. Kershaw, and John B. Wiseman, Parsons, WV: McClain Printing Company, 1976
Allegany County Postcard History, by Albert L. Feldstein, Charleston, SC : Arcadia, 2006.
Allegany County Veterans of World War II - Through Their Service, by the Allegany High School Social Studies Department, Cumberland, MD : Allegany High School, 2002
A Century of Commitment - Frostburg State University, 1898-1998, Frostburg State University Foundation Inc., 1997.
A History of Allegany County, Maryland - Volume I, by James W. Thomas and Judge T.J.C. Williams, Regional Publishing Company, Baltimore, Maryland, 1969 - Originally Published 1923
A History of Holy Cross Episcopal Church, Cumberland, Maryland, 1891-1991.
A Photographic History of Downtown Cumberland, Maryland - Featuring Baltimore Street, 1895-2005, Volume I, by Dan Whetzel, Cumberland, MD : Dan Whetzel, 2005.
A Photographic History of Cumberland, Maryland - Featuring South Cumberland, Volume II, by Dan Whetzel, Cumberland, MD : Dan Whetzel, 2007
A Pictorial History - Allegany County, by Lee G. Schwartz, Albert L. Feldstein, and Joan H. Baldwin. Donning Publishing Company, Virginia Beach, Virginia, 1980.
Brown's Miscellaneous Writings Upon a Great Variety of Subjects:
Prepared and Written from 1880 to 1895, by Jacob Brown. J.J. Miller, Cumberland, Md., 1896.
Civilian Conservation Corps, District No. 2, Third Corps Area, Official Annual, 1936, published by Direct Advertising Company, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 1936
Colored People, by Henry Louis Gates, Jr., New York: Knopf, 1994
Cumberland, Maryland Through The Eyes of Herman J. Miller, by Herman J. Miller, with Dr. Harry Stegmaier, Jr. and Michael Stegmaier; An (unpublished) Oral History Project of the Community Development Program Office of the City of Cumberland, Maryland, April 1978
Feldstein's Historic Banner Front Pages of the Cumberland Daily News, The Cumberland News, and Cumberland Evening Times-Volume I, The Twentieth Century, Cumberland, MD : Commercial Press, c1986.
Feldstein's Newspapers of Allegany County, Volume II, The Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, Cumberland, MD : Commercial Press, c1987
Feldstein's Gone But Not Forgotten, Volume I, (a graveside biographical tribute to historic Allegany County figures and notable personages from the past), Cumberland, Md. : Commercial Press Print. Co., 1988
Feldstein's Gone But Not Forgotten, Volume II, (a graveside biographical tribute to historic Allegany County figures and notable personages from the past), Cumberland, Md. : Commercial Press Print. Co., 1989
Feldstein's Historic Coal Mining and Railroads of Allegany County, Commercial Press Printing Company, 1999.
Feldstein's Historic Frostburg, A Video Postcard Extravaganza, (Video Tape) Cumberland, Md. : Commercial Video Services, c1995
Feldstein's Top Historic Postcard Views of Allegany County, Cumberland, MD : Commercial Press Print Co., c1997
Frostburg Sesquicentennial Souvenir Book, 1812 - 1862, Published by the Frostburg Sesquicentennial Committee, Printed by Citizen Office Equipment Company, Frostburg, Maryland, 1962
Frostburg State College: A Monument to Miners, Betty Van Newkirk. The Council of the Alleghenies, 1996.
Garrett County - A History of Maryland's Tableland, Stephen Schlosnagle and the Garrett County Bicentennial Committee, McClain Printing Company, 1978
Garrett County Postcard History, by Albert L. Feldstein, Charleston, SC : Arcadia, 2006.
Hidden Stories, Discovered Voices: A History of African Americans in Cumberland, Maryland, by the Allegany and Fort Hill High Schools Historical Research Methods Classes. Fairmont, Printing Company, West Virginia, 2010.
Historic Frostburg, Maryland brochure, Researched and written by Betty Van Newkirk, Published by Allegany County Tourism and Public Relations
History of Cumberland, Maryland, by W.H. Lowdermilk, Regional Publishing Company, Baltimore, Maryland 1976 - Originally Published 1878
History of Western Maryland - Volume II, by J. Thomas Scharf, Regional Publishing Company, Baltimore, Maryland 1968 - Originally Published 1882
Historic Women of Allegany County Western Maryland Historical Library (Whilbr), June 2007
Journal of the Alleghenies, Volume XXI - 1985, Volume XXVI - 1990, and XXXXI - 2005
McKendree United Methodist Church, 127th Anniversary, 1854-1981 booklet
McKendree United Methodist Church, 151st Anniversary, 1854-2005 booklet, Friends and Family Day, October 23, 2005
Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church, 150th Anniversary, 1837-1987, July 1987
Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church, 170th Anniversary, 1837-2007, September 2007
Mineral County, West Virginia - Family Traits, Tracks, and Trails, Compiled by the Mineral County Historical Society, Taylor Publishing Company, 1980.
Morgan State University website
"Notes from Percy Cemetery" from the Frostburg Journal Newspaper, circa 1986-1987, by Anthony Crosby and Michael Olson
Pictorial Review of the Civilian Conservation Corps - Northern District, Company 335-C, Camp Green Ridge, Flintstone, Maryland, published by Army-Navy Publishers, Inc., Atlanta, Georgia, circa 1935
Prime Time, A History of Allegany County During the 1950's, by the Allegany High School Social Studies Department, Cumberland, MD : Allegany High School, 2004
Randolph Wilson Bromery: Honorary Doctor of Science Degree, Frostburg State College, May 28, 1972, Citation Read by Nelson P. Guild, President of Frostburg State College on the Occasion of the Conferring of the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science Upon Randolph Wilson Bromery
Reflections of the Silver Screen, A History of Allegany County Movie Theaters, by the Allegany High School Social Studies Department, Cumberland, MD : Allegany High School, 2000
The "Remembering Carver" Facebook page has dozens of newspaper articles and excerpts not only focusing upon Carver but other Cumberland and region-wide African-American activities, events, institutions, and people as well. Schools, parades, the military and more are depicted. As noted on Facebook much of the information and depictions come from the community, and as noted below in the Facebook description the community is encouraged to participate. As of this date, October 2015, many of the images are from or duplicated on this Allegany County African-American history website where additional background information on the subject matter is available. The link to the "Remembering Carver" Facebook page is: https://www.facebook.com/remembercarver
Ruth E. Franklin Testimonial Dinner booklet, June 22, 1990
The Capital (newspaper), Annapolis, Maryland, March 12, 1982
The Capital (newspaper), Annapolis, Maryland, March 13, 1982
The Church On The Fort - 150 Years of Emmanuel Parish, by Rev. H. Maunsell Richardson, Commercial Press Printing Company, 1976.
The Glades Star, Volume I, 1941 - 1949
The Maryland Churchman, Episcopal Diocese of Maryland, November 1946
The SAGE Handbook of African-American Education, by Linda C. Tillman, SAGE Publications, Thousand Oaks, California. 2009.
Twenty Years with Has-Beens Inc, 1969-1989, A Pictorial and Newspaper History of Area Boxing, Compiled and Edited by Robert Shrout and Albert L. Feldstein
Welcome Home, A History of the Vietnam War, by the Allegany High School Social Studies Department, Cumberland, MD: Allegany High School, 2005
Westvaco's Luke Mill Report/Bicentennial Edition, July 1976
Westvaco's Luke Mill Report, Winter 1989
Selected editions of the Cumberland News, Cumberland Times-News, Cumberland Evening Times, Cumberland Sunday Times, The Republican, Hagerstown Herald-Mail, Frederick News-Post, the Associated Press and The Advocate. Other sources, such as assorted years of the Allegany High School Allegewi, Fort Hill High School Sabre, and Keyser High School Keyhisco yearbooks are identified on the specific pages.
Information on the buttons comes from over forty years of notes, newspaper and magazine clippings, flyers, hand-outs, and other sources associated with the collecting of buttons and used in the research of the 2003 political history poster entitled, Buttons of the Cause, 1960-2003: The Events, The People, The Organizations, The Issues.
In recent years, the following three books were written and published by Allegany College of Maryland Assistant Professor Lynn Bowman. These also provide research and insight into the area’s African-American history:
Being Black in Brownsville: Echoes of a ‘Forgotten’ Frostburg, 2011
Crossing into the Promised Land: An Appalachian African-American History, 2012
Living the Lie: Separate but Equal in Cumberland, Maryland, 2013
The illustration is a Student Nonviolent Coordinating
Committee (SNCC) button from the early 1960s.
Allegany County, Maryland
African Americans, History; Allegany County (Md.), History.
Allegany County (Md.), 1890-2008