Allegany County African-American History website, Western Maryland Historical Library (WHILBR), January 2008
American Political Items Collectors website
Baltimore Sun, "Anne Armstrong, Pioneering U.S. Ambassador", July 31, 2008.
Baltimore Sun, "Oldest running mate ever had Maryland roots" by Frederick N. Rasmussen, July 6, 2008.
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website
Directory of U.S. Political Parties, Ron Gunzburger, website
Encyclopedia of Political Buttons: United States, 1896-1972, by Ted Hake, Dafran House Publishers, New York, N.Y., 1974
Political Collectibles: History of Campaign Buttons by Don Wade, 2002, About.com website.
'If Elected...', Unsuccessful Candidates for the Presidency, 1796-1968,, Published by the Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 1972
List of Political Parties in the United States, Wikipedia.com website
New York Times, "Channing E. Phillips Dies at 59 Minister and Civil Rights Leader", November 12, 1987
1995 World Almanac and Book of Facts, published by Funk and Wagnall, Mahwah, New Jersey, 1994
Political Graveyard website
Presidential Candidates, 1896-2000 Cresswell List website
Presidential Elections, 1789-2008 Infoplease.com website.
Presidents of the United States PresidentsUSA.net website.
U.S. Presidential Elections: Leftist Votes Marxists.org website
White House's Presidents of the United States website
The C-SPAN website www.americanpresidents.org was also a source of biographical information for the presidents. This website is, however, currently unavailable.
To the extent we could and when available we relied upon as our primary source official government records, archival data bases, and my personal notes rather than online encyclopedias or other sources of that type. These were used, however, as a resource to support some of the dates and other verifiable information found in the official biographies and other materials.
Campaign paraphernalia, United States, History; Presidents, United States, Election, History..
United States, 1896-2008