THERE are several varieties of Sandstone, suitable for building purposes, quarried within and around the city limits. Of these a yellow sandstone (Oriskany) and a pure white sandstone, (Medina) are the cheapest and most valuable. In addition to these, and other sandstones, suitable for building purposes, there are several other deposits which deserve especial mention from their adaptability to the manufacture of glass.
The first, in point of size and extent, is a stratum of Medina Sandstone, which forms the walls of an immense natural gorge through Wills Mountain, at the northern boundary of the city. This gorge is about one quarter of a mile in length, and the walls of Medina Sandstone rise almost perpendicularly, on either side, to the height of over five hundred feet. The Wills Creek flows through this gorge, and the tracks of the Cumberland and Pennsylvania and Pittsburgh and Connellsville Railroads are laid through it, at the base of the easterly wall.
The stone of this stratum is a rather fine grained white sandstone, breaking easily under the hammer. It was found, by analysis, to contain over ninety eight percent, of Silica, the impurity found in it is sesquioxide of iron, (forty-two one-hundredths of one per cent.) Prof. C. F. Chandler is of the opinion that this stone is suitable for the manufacture of glass of the finest quality. Hundreds of tons of this stone, quarried by the force of nature in the centuries past, now lie at the base of the cliff, on either side of the gorge. The stone can be loaded directly upon the cars on the East side of the gorge, or upon wagons on the West side.
The stone can be conveniently crushed at the quarry and handled and transported to any part of the city at a minimum of 4
Allegany County Public Library
21 x 14 cms
Board of Trade of the City of Cumberland
Mines and mineral resources, Maryland, Cumberland
Cumberland, Md., 1870s