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Civil War diary of James Francis Beall, June - Aug 1863

Click on the MEDIA ITEMS below for more information


reported that Vicksburg surrendered to the yankees on the 4th inst.

July the 21st 1863
Yesterday evening I finished ploughing my corn in the graveyard field for the first time (some of it is as high as my head). The orchard field has not been thined or ploughed yet (but I commenced on it today). I tried to harrow it but it was too larger the harrow would break it off. There has been but very little weather fit for ploughing since the rainy weather set in near the last of June ult.

August 3d 1863
The health of my family is very good at present. We finished thining corn on Wednesday the 29th ult. & will finish ploughing corn over for the first time this morning. We have cut some oats, have howed some tobacco the rest of which is very grassy. Gen. Lee's army has re crossed the Potomac. He contradicts Mead's official report & says in the Gatersburg battle he lost no prisoners except straglers who were worn out. In his retreat to Va. he lost two cannon, the horses which drew them having exhausted. The draft under the conscript act is soon to take place.
Yesterday & day before the weather was very warm.

Monday Aug. the 17th 1863
I went out to plough my corn in the graveyard field on last Wednesday the 12th inst. but found it too large & thick, so commenced in the other field & finished it today. On last friday evening Mr. & Mrs. Maxwell came to see us & returned today. Father's heifer which I have here had a fine calf on last thursday the 6th inst.


James Francis Beall

Janice Beall

Further reference to the Battle of Gettysburg.

In March 1863 the Union resorted to a federal draft, requiring the enrollment of every male citizen and those immigrants who had filed for citizenship between ages twenty and forty-five. The Confederacy had instituted a draft a year earlier.


Collection Location:
Cumberland, Md.

Original Size:
32 x 21 cms

United States --History --Civil War, 1861-1865 --Personal narratives, Confederate; James Francis Beall.

Frederick & Montgomery County, Md., 1859-1865

Western Maryland Regional Library
100 South Potomac Street
Hagerstown, Maryland 21740

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